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You are here: Home / Data and maps / Indicators / Renewable electricity / Renewable electricity (CSI 031/ENER 030) - Assessment DRAFT created Jan 2013

Renewable electricity (CSI 031/ENER 030) - Assessment DRAFT created Jan 2013

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Generic metadata

Topics:

Energy Energy (Primary topic)

Tags:
electricity | renewable energy | energy | electricity consumption
DPSIR: Response
Typology: Performance indicator (Type B - Does it matter?)
Indicator codes
  • CSI 031
  • ENER 030
Dynamic
Temporal coverage:
1990-2010
 
Contents
 

Key policy question: What is the share of each renewable source in total electricity production in Europe?

Key messages

In 2010, the share of renewable electricity in gross electricity production in the EU-27 was 21.5 % compared to 13% in 1990. Renewable electricity grew at an annual average growth rate of 3.8 % since 1990 but the speed almost doubled since 2005 (6.9%/year). In 2010, hydropower accounted for 12.8% in the overall electricity production, followed by wind 4.5%, biomass and wastes 2.6%, 0.7% for other biogas and liquid biofuels and for photovoltaic and 0.2% for geothermal. 2010 is the target year of the renewable electricity directive and overall the EU-27 exceeded the target of 21.0 % of renewable electricity in gross electricity production by 0.5%.

At the member state level, 15 countries met the indicative national target. In light of the Renewable Energy Directive, much more needs to be done to continue increasing renewable electricity generation in the EU to achieve targets set for 2020.

Average annual growth rates of renewable energy in electricity production (EU-27) for 1990-2010 and 2009-2010

Note: The growth of solar thermal during 2009-2010 (572%) is not presented because it distorts the scale of the figure. There was no electricity generated from solar thermal pre-2007. The figures are only for the EU-27.

Data source:
Downloads and more info

Share of renewable electricity in gross electricity production (%) 1990-2010 and 2010 indicative targets

Note: The renewable electricity share in Norway is above 100% in some years because a part of the (renewable) electricity generated domestically is exported to other countries. No data is available for Iceland or Liechtenstein.

Data source:
Downloads and more info

Renewable electricity as a percentage of gross electricity consumption, 2010

Note: The renewable electricity directive (2001/77/EC) defines renewable electricity as the share of electricity produced from renewable energy sources in total electricity consumption. The latter includes imports and exports of electricity. The electricity generated from pumping in hydropower plants is included in total electricity consumption but it is not included as a renewable source of energy.

Data source:
Downloads and more info

Key assessment

  • Since 1990, renewables increased their contribution to meeting the electricity production in EU-27. The share in gross electricity production in 2010 was 21.5 % compared to 13% in 1990. Between 2005 and 2010, the share of renewables in gross electricity production has increased by around 6% (see Figure 2). Renewable electricity production grew by 111% or 3.8%/year between 1990 and 2010 (see also ENER 38) - faster than the growth in overall electricity production (a 31.9% increase over the same period, see also ENER 16). Between 2005 and 2010 renewable electricity production grew by 39.9% or 6.9%/year compared with the increase in overall energy production of 2.4% in the same period.
  • On average, the share of large hydro in gross electricity production has declined, mainly as a result of lower rainfall and the rapid penetration of wind. Despite the fall in the share of hydropower, nevertheless, it still dominates renewable electricity production in most Member States with an approximate share of 59.7% across the EU-27 in 2010, compared to 20.7% for wind, 12.1% for biomass and waste, 3. % for other biogas and liquid biofuels, and the remainder from solar PV (3.2%) and geothermal (0.8%). In terms of share of the total gross electricity production hydropower accounted for 12.8%, followed by wind 4.5%, biomass and wastes 2.6%, 0.7% for other biogas and liquid biofuels and for photovoltaic and 0.2% for geothermal. The highest growth rates in renewable electricity production in 2005-2010 were observed for photovoltaic (72%/year), other biogas and liquid biofuels (30%/year) and wind (16%/year) while geothermal increased by less than 1% and wave and tidal energy actually fell by around 0.2% (see Figure 1). Between 2005 and 2010, electricity generated by solar thermal has grown significantly (692 GWh) but a comparison based on 2005 is not possible since there was no electricity generated from solar thermal in 2005.
  • There are significant differences in the share of renewables in electricity production between the EU-27 Member States. These reflect differences in the availability of natural resources in each country, as well as the policies chosen to support the development of renewable energy. Amongst the EEA-32, Norway (90.6%), Austria (70.0%), Switzerland (59.9%), and Sweden (54.6%) had the greatest shares of renewable electricity in gross electricity consumption in 2010 if large hydropower is included. Denmark (32.9%), Portugal (21.3%) and Spain (18.6%) show the largest share of non-hydro renewable electricity[1].


[1] In Spain and Portugal the dominant source is wind.  In Denmark it is a balanced contribution.

Data sources

More information about this indicator

See this indicator specification for more details.

Contacts and ownership

EEA Contact Info

Mihai Florin Tomescu

Ownership

EEA Management Plan

2012 2.8.1 (note: EEA internal system)

Dates

Frequency of updates

Updates are scheduled every 1 year in October-December (Q4)
Document Actions
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