Real change in transport price by mode

Indicator Fact Sheet (Deprecated)
Prod-ID: IND-173-en
Also known as: TERM 020
Note: new version is available!
Topics: ,

Assessment made on  01 Jun 2004

Generic metadata



DPSIR: Response


Indicator codes
  • TERM 020

Policy issue:  Fair and efficient pricing across modes

Key messages

    • On average, passenger transport prices have increased at a higher rate than consumer prices.
    • For freight transport prices, no EU-wide data exists, but examples for two countries indicate that freight prices have declined.


Key assessment

Prices are easy to measure and compare over time as long as the product or service in question stays the same, as depicted in figure 1. However, people don't buy the same cars as ten years ago and don't use the same package of transport services (price/quality) as earlier. Therefore, conclusions can only be drawn to a limited extent. Most care should be taken with interpreting the prices of car purchase and air travel. The price and quality characteristics of these products have changed the most during the last years.

Transport price indexes for the 15 old EU Member States show that real passenger transport prices have increased, making transport services more expensive in comparison with other consumer goods and services. Differences appear between countries (see Box 1) and modes.

For more information, see the attached pdf file.

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European Environment Agency (EEA)
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