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Proximity of transport infrastructure to designated areas

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This content has been archived on 06 Nov 2013, reason: Content not regularly updated

Assessment made on  01 Jan 2001

Generic metadata


Transport Transport (Primary theme)

DPSIR: Pressure


Indicator codes
  • TERM 007
Geographic coverage:

Policy issue:  Preserve biodiversity and protect designated nature areas


Key assessment

66 % of the 1 650 special bird areas (SPAs) that are designated by EU Member States (up to 1999) have at least one major transport infrastructure within 5 km of their centres, as have 430 Ramsar sites (wetlands), 63 % of the total. Further expansion of the transport infrastructure and intensification of its use could jeopardise the future of many important designated nature areas. It is also increasingly difficult to designate new areas for protection that are not affected by infrastructure networks.


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European Environment Agency (EEA)
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1050 Copenhagen K
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