Precipitation extremes in Europe
Justification for indicator selection
No rationale/justification has been specified
- References IPCC, 2007a. Cimate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Solomon, S.; Qin, D.; Manning, M.; Chen, Z.; Marquis, M.; Averyt, K. B.; Tignor M. and Miller H. L. (eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. Klein Tank, A. M. G. and Können G. P., 2003. Trends in indices of daily temperature and precipitation extremes in Europe, 1946-1999. Journal of Climate 16: 3665-3680. Lloyd-Hughes, B. and Saunders, M. A., 2002. A drought climatology for Europe. International Journal of Climatology 22: 1571-1592. Robock, A.; Mu, M.; Vinnikov, K.; Trofimova, I. V. and Adamenko, T. I., 2005. Forty-five years of observed soil moisture in the Ukraine: No summer desiccation (yet). Geophysical Research Letters 32: 10.1029/2004GL021914. Sillmann, J. and Roeckner, E., 2008. Indices for extreme events in projections of anthropogenic climate change. Climatic Change 86 (1-2): 83-104. van der Schrier, G.; Briffa, K. R.; Jones, P. D. and Osborn, T. J., 2006. Summer moisture variability across Europe. Journal of Climate 19: 2818-2834. van Lannen, H. A. J.; Tallaksen, L. M.; Rees, G., 2007. Drought and climate change (In: Commission Staff Working Document Impact Assessment (SEC(2007)993, (COM(2007)414), Commission of the European Communities, Brussels, Belgium). Wade, S. D., 2007. Contribution to EU Medin SSA on drought, 2007 (unpublished).
- Changes in the contribution of heavy rainfall to total precipitation 1961-2006
- Percentage of Europe experiencing moderate drought conditions during the 20th century
- Simulated land average maximum 5-day total precipitation for different European regions (1860-2100)
- Simulated land average maximum number of consecutive dry days for different European regions (1860-2100)
Policy context and targets
In April 2009 the European Commission presented a White Paper on the framework for adaptation policies and measures to reduce the European Union's vulnerability to the impacts of climate change. The aim is to increase the resilience to climate change of health, property and the productive functions of land, inter alia by improving the management of water resources and ecosystems. More knowledge is needed on climate impact and vulnerability but a considerable amount of information and research already exists which can be shared better through a proposed Clearing House Mechanism. The White Paper stresses the need to mainstream adaptation into existing and new EU policies. A number of Member States have already taken action and several have prepared national adaptation plans. The EU is also developing actions to enhance and finance adaptation in developing countries as part of a new post-2012 global climate agreement expected in Copenhagen (Dec. 2009). For more information see: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/adaptation/index_en.htm
No targets have been specified
Related policy documents
No related policy documents have been specified
Key policy question
Methodology for indicator calculation
Methodology for gap filling
No methodology references available.
EEA data references
- No datasets have been specified here.
External data references
Data sources in latest figures
Data sets uncertainty
No uncertainty has been specified
Short term work
Work specified here requires to be completed within 1 year from now.
Long term work
Work specified here will require more than 1 year (from now) to be completed.
Responsibility and ownership
EEA Contact InfoBlaz Kurnik
Typology: Descriptive indicator (Type A - What is happening to the environment and to humans?)
For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe's environment.
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