Assessment made on 01 Jan 2001
ClassificationTransport (Primary theme)
DPSIR: Driving force
- TERM 012
Policy issue: Break the link between economic growth and passenger transport growth; improve the shares of rail, cycling and walking
Decoupling transport growth from economic growth, and stabilising the modal split at 1998 levels by 2010 are important objectives of the revised Common Transport Policy and the recently proposed EU strategy for sustainable development. However, during the past two decades, passenger transport growth has been closely coupled to the growth in GDP, and only a slight decoupling is expected by 2010. Passenger transport has increased by about 55 % over the past 20 years, with most growth in air and road transport. Growing car ownership, poor spatial planning and urban sprawl induces more urban passenger transport. Rising private incomes, in particular in the northern part of Europe, also boost tourism travel.