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Passenger transport

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This content has been archived on 12 Nov 2013, reason: Content not regularly updated

Assessment made on  01 Jan 2001

Generic metadata


Transport Transport (Primary theme)

DPSIR: Driving force


Indicator codes
  • TERM 012
Geographic coverage:

Policy issue:  Break the link between economic growth and passenger transport growth; improve the shares of rail, cycling and walking


Key assessment

Decoupling transport growth from economic growth, and stabilising the modal split at 1998 levels by 2010 are important objectives of the revised Common Transport Policy and the recently proposed EU strategy for sustainable development. However, during the past two decades, passenger transport growth has been closely coupled to the growth in GDP, and only a slight decoupling is expected by 2010. Passenger transport has increased by about 55 % over the past 20 years, with most growth in air and road transport. Growing car ownership, poor spatial planning and urban sprawl induces more urban passenger transport. Rising private incomes, in particular in the northern part of Europe, also boost tourism travel.


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