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Load factors for freight transport

Indicator Fact Sheet (Deprecated)
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Assessment made on  01 Jan 2001

Generic metadata


Transport Transport (Primary theme)

DPSIR: Driving force


Indicator codes
  • TERM 030
Geographic coverage:

Policy issue:  Load vehicles more efficiently

Key messages

  • Load factors remain low; this may reduce the potential benefits of improved technologies


Key assessment

Though data quality on load factors is poor, figures for some countries indicate they are still low. In Denmark, Germany, Spain and Portugal the load factors increased between 1980 and 1995. In the Netherlands, Finland and Sweden the load factor dropped significantly (by 10-17 %) between 1980 and 1995. Empty hauling makes up only 25 % of total truck vehicle-km in Germany and over 40 % in the Netherlands. In the United Kingdom, empty hauling declined from about 33 % to 29 % of total truck vehicle-km between 1980 and 1996.

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