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Sound and independent information
on the environment

You are here: Home / Data and maps / Indicators / Implementation of internalisation instruments

Implementation of internalisation instruments

Topics: ,

Assessment made on  01 Jan 2001

Generic metadata

Classification

Transport Transport (Primary theme)

DPSIR: Response

Identification

Indicator codes
  • TERM 026
Geographical coverage:

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Contents
 

Policy issue:  Differentiate transport taxes and charges on the basis of marginal external costs

Key messages

  • Most countries are establishing internalisation instruments, but implementation is still facing barriers

Figures

Key assessment

Charges and taxes are a fundamental (though not the only) policy tool for internalising external costs in the transport sector. Most Member States are considering reframing transport-related tax and charge structures, differentiating them on the basis of external costs. However, it is still difficult to identify the most appropriate tax framework and to decide what tax and charge levels to apply.

Internalisation measures are currently mostly concentrated on air pollution in the road sector and noise in the aviation sector. Almost no measures have yet been taken to internalise costs of congestion (some aviation and rail charges, and some urban parking fees are exceptions). In most urban areas, internalisation of external costs is still very incomplete.

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