Household expenditure categories
Assessment made on 01 Jan 2001
ClassificationHousehold consumption (Primary theme)
DPSIR: Driving force
Policy issue: How are consumption patterns changing?
Consumer spending per capita has increased by 46% since 1980, shifting from basic needs (food, housing) towards less basic needs (transport, fuel, recreation).
By 1997, the average European consumer had almost double the spending power of his counterpart in 1980, in real terms. The extra spending power went in two main directions:
- health: spending doubled, probably reflecting the ageing European population;
- less basic needs, including recreation (73% increase) and transport (65%).
Spending on food and clothing, on the other hand, only increased by 20%. The marked increase in expenditure on recreation includes the growth of private car use and tourism, which can add significantly to the environmental impacts of households.
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Household expenditure by category