Freight transport demand by mode and group of goods
Assessment made on 01 Apr 2005
ClassificationTransport (Primary theme)
DPSIR: Driving force
- TERM 013
Policy issue: Break the link between economic growth and freight transport growth
Freight transport volume has grown quickly, and has generally been coupled to the growth in GDP. Consequently the objective of decoupling GDP and transport growth is no closer to being achieved. However, the apparently close link is not evident when looking at individual regions (e.g. old 15). The difference in transport intensity between the old and the new member states is great but decreasing.
The share of road freight transport increased during the 1992 - 2003 period. The modal shares of rail and inland waterways continue to decrease, thereby moving away from the objective of stabilising the share of alternative transport modes relative to road.
Rapidly growing demand
Freight transport demand has grown significantly since 1992, thereby making it increasingly difficult to reduce the environmental consequences of transport. Interestingly, for the first time freight transport volume fell in the 15 old member states in 2003. However, this is probably temporary, as partial 2004 data suggest an 8 % increase from the previous year (preliminary Eurostat data).
Modal split in freight transport
The share of alternative modes (rail and inland waterways) in freight transport has declined during the last decade. As a result, the objective of stabilising the shares of rail, inland waterways, short sea shipping and oil pipelines, and to make for a shift of balance from 2010 onwards, outlined in the Common Transport Policy (CTP) will not be achieved unless a strong reversal of the current trend (see figure 1) is achieved.
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