Assessment made on 01 Jan 2001
ClassificationTransport (Primary theme)
DPSIR: Driving force
- TERM 013
Policy issue: Break the link between economic growth and freight transport growth; increase the shares of rail, inland waterways and short-sea shipping
Trucking and short sea shipping are the main freight transport modes; freight growth is expected to remain closely linked to economic growth for some years
Freight transport increased by 55 % between 1980 and 1998, with the largest growth in road (3.9 % per year) and short sea shipping (2.6 %). This growth remains strongly coupled to economic growth, and no significant change is expected by 2010. The growth and structure of production and consumption processes, for instance in the food sector, leads to increasing freight transport. Fair pricing and congestion charging, and the recently adopted railway package that aims at the opening of international freight rail transport by 2008, may increase the shares of rail and short sea shipping - the share of the latter is already growing.
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Freight transport TERM 2001
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This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe’s environment.
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