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Freight transport

Indicator Fact Sheet (Deprecated)
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Assessment made on  01 Jan 2001

Generic metadata


Transport Transport (Primary theme)

DPSIR: Driving force


Indicator codes
  • TERM 013
Geographic coverage:

Policy issue:  Break the link between economic growth and freight transport growth; increase the shares of rail, inland waterways and short-sea shipping

Key messages

  • Trucking and short sea shipping are the main freight transport modes; freight growth is expected to remain closely linked to economic growth for some years


Key assessment

Freight transport increased by 55 % between 1980 and 1998, with the largest growth in road (3.9 % per year) and short sea shipping (2.6 %). This growth remains strongly coupled to economic growth, and no significant change is expected by 2010. The growth and structure of production and consumption processes, for instance in the food sector, leads to increasing freight transport. Fair pricing and congestion charging, and the recently adopted railway package that aims at the opening of international freight rail transport by 2008, may increase the shares of rail and short sea shipping - the share of the latter is already growing.

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