External costs of transport
Assessment made on 01 Nov 2004
ClassificationTransport (Primary theme)
- TERM 025
Policy issue: Estimate and reduce the external costs of transport
External costs are difficult to estimate (see table 5), and there is currently no unique, commonly accepted methodology for estimating external costs. Results of international studies vary widely due to differences in statistics and normative choices underlying results, see CE 2003. External cost estimates range from 4 (ECMT, 1998b) to 8% (Infras, 2000) of GDP for the EU-15 countries to 14% of GDP for Central and Eastern Europe in 1995 (OECD, 2003). In figure 2 the distribution of marginal external costs over modes and cost components is shown.
For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe's environment.
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