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You are here: Home / Data and maps / Indicators / Energy efficiency and specific CO2 emissions / Energy efficiency and specific CO2 emissions (TERM 027) - Assessment published Sep 2010

Energy efficiency and specific CO2 emissions (TERM 027) - Assessment published Sep 2010

Topics: ,

Generic metadata

Topics:

Transport Transport (Primary topic)

Tags:
transport indicators | transport
DPSIR: Pressure
Typology: Descriptive indicator (Type A - What is happening to the environment and to humans?)
Indicator codes
  • TERM 027
 
Contents
 

Key policy question: Are the various passenger and freight transport modes becoming more energy efficient?

Key messages

  • Specific CO2 emissions of road transport have decreased since 1995, mainly due to an improvement in the fuel efficiency of passenger car transport. Recent EU Regulation setting emission performance standards for new passenger cars is expected to further reduce CO2 emissions from light-duty vehicles in view of the 130 g/km and 95 g/km emission targets set for 2015 and 2020 respectively.
  • Specific CO2 emissions of air transport, although decreasing, are of the same order of magnitude as for road, while rail and maritime shipping remain the most energy efficient modes of passenger transport.
  • Specific energy efficiency of light and heavy duty trucks has improved, but road transport still consumes significantly more energy per tonne-km than rail or ship freight transport.

TERM27 Specific CO2 emissions per passenger-km and per mode of transport in Europe

Note: TREMOVE results refer to 30 EEA member countries (EU-27 plus Norway, Switzerland, Turkey) while TRENDS covers only EU-15.

Data source:

TREMOVE and TRENDS

Downloads and more info

TERM27 Specific CO2 emissions per tonne-km and per mode of transport in Europe

Note: TREMOVE results refer to 30 EEA member countries (EU-27 plus Norway, Switzerland, Turkey) while TRENDS covers only EU-15.

Data source:

TREMOVE and TRENDS

Downloads and more info

TERM27 Development of specific CO2 emissions from road passenger and freight transport in Europe

Note: TREMOVE results refer to 30 EEA member countries (EU-27 plus Norway, Switzerland, Turkey) while TRENDS covers only EU-15.

Data source:

TREMOVE and TRENDS

Downloads and more info

Key assessment

The specific CO2 emissions of the road sector were reduced between 1995 and 2008 by 9 % for passenger transport and 13 % for freight transport. The energy efficiency and CO2 per passenger-kilometre of passenger car transport has improved by 10 % over the same period and this improvement results partly from the voluntary agreement of the automotive manufacturing industries. The reductions in road freight transport are due to both technical improvements and increased activity of the heavy-duty trucks.

The combined effect of improvements in aircraft technology and increased load factors has resulted in a decrease in specific CO2 emissions of air passenger transport by 28 % between 1995 and 2008. But because transport volumes have grown faster than efficiency improvements the total emissions are still growing.

Rail is the second most energy efficient mode of both passenger and freight transport (after maritime). Specific CO2 emissions of rail transport have decreased by about 26 % from 1995 to 2008 for passenger transport, mainly due to shifting from diesel to electric trains. For freight transport the decrease over the same period was 13 % as a result of both technological improvements and increased load factors. The CO2 emission factors for electricity production represent the emissions incurred during the whole production and supply process from fuel extraction to electricity transport to the sub-stations feeding the railway network.

The energy efficiency of maritime shipping has only recorded slight changes of the order of 3 % in the time period considered.

Data sources

More information about this indicator

See this indicator specification for more details.

Contacts and ownership

EEA Contact Info

Cinzia Pastorello

Ownership

EEA Management Plan

2009 2.10.2 (note: EEA internal system)

Dates

Frequency of updates

Updates are scheduled every 1 year in October-December (Q4)
Document Actions

Comments

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