You are here: Home / Data and maps / Indicators / Energy consumption

Energy consumption

Indicator Fact Sheet (Deprecated)expired
Note: new version is available!
Topics: ,
This content has been archived on 12 Dec 2014, reason: Other (New version data-and-maps/indicators/transport-final-energy-consumption-by-mode/assessment-4 was published)

Assessment made on  01 Jan 2003

Generic metadata


Transport Transport (Primary theme)

DPSIR: Driving force


Indicator codes
  • TERM 001
Geographic coverage:

Policy issue:  Reduce consumption of fossil energy by transport


Key assessment

Transport energy consumption in the EEA-17 area has grown by about 2.0 % per year during the period 1990-2000, and equalled 365 Mtoe (million tonnes oil equivalent) in 2000 (some 35 % of all energy use). As a consequence of the growth in energy consumption, CO2 emissions from transport also continued to increase.

Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal and Spain show the highest growth in transport energy consumption in the period 1990-2000. These are the countries showing the highest growth in GDP in this period (varying from 33 to 113 %), whereas the average GDP growth for EU-15 is 23 % in this period. Finland, Norway, Germany and the United Kingdom show the lowest growth in transport final energy consumption, which is related to moderate growth in passenger and freight transport compared with the European average.

The increased transport demand and the continuing shift of transport demand towards road and air, combined with the increasing use of heavier, more powerful cars and trucks, have offset the improvements in fuel economy of improved engine technology. Reducing the need to travel, improving energy efficiency and logistics are necessary to temper growth in energy consumption by transport.

In the 10 new member states (AC-10), total transport energy consumption grew by 15 % between 1990 and 2000, up to 20 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe). Road is the main energy consumer in transport. As a result of the bad economic climate in some countries, the growth of energy consumption is smaller in AC-10 than in EU-15, where the growth of final energy consumption in transport was 22 %.

Transport energy consumption is closely linked to transport volumes, which in turn are closely linked to economic development. The countries bordering the EU that show the highest growth in GDP (Malta, Cyprus, Poland, Slovenia and Turkey) also show a high growth in transport energy consumption. Lithuania, Estonia, Bulgaria and Romania show the greatest decline in energy consumption, corresponding to economic decline in these countries in this period.


Permalink to this version
Permalink to latest version
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100