Total energy Research and Development expenditure, EU-15 Member States and EU level funding
MS means Member States. EU level funding is from the R&D; European Community Framework programmes. Framework programme expenditure has been estimated as an annual average over the duration of the programme. Non-nuclear research includes renewable energy, energy conservation, fossil fuel production, power production and storage technologies and cross-cutting research.
For references, please go to http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/figures/total-energy-research-and-development or scan the QR code.
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