Threat status of EU species
- More than 20 % of the amphibians found in the EU are considered threatened and a further 18 % are considered near threatened.
- All amphibian species considered threatened (critically endangered, endangered og vulnurable) at EU level are endemic to the European continent and are found nowhere else in the world.
- Habitat loss, fragmentation and degeneration are the most significant threats to amphibians in Europe.
- Nearly one in of terrestrial Europe's mammal species are threatened and a further 11 % are close to qualifying for threatened status.
- Two European mammal species have become globally extinct since AD 1 500 (the aurochs Bos primigenius and the Sardinian pike Prolagus sardus) and a third species is regionally extinct (the grey whale Eschrichtius robustus).
- Habitat loss and degradation is the greatest threat to terrestrial mammals in Europe, whilst the main threat to marine mammals are accidental mortality, pollution and over-exploitation.
- Approximately one fifth of reptiles are considered threatened in Europe and a further 12 % are considered near threatened.
- The majority of threatened and near threatened reptile species, all critically endangered species and the vast majority of endangered and vulnurable species are endemic to both Europe and the EU.
- Habitat loss, fragmentation and degradation are the greatest threats to reptiles in Europe.
- Approximately 7 % of butterflies are considered threatened in Europe and a further 11 % are considered near threatened.
- Two butterfly species have become regionally extinct in recent years (Aricia hyacinthus and Tomares nogelii).
- The main current threat is the loss of their habitats or habitat connectivity due to changes in agricultural practices (intensification or abandonment).
- Approximately 16 % of dragonflies are considered threatened in Europe and a futher 13 % are considered near threatened.
- The main current threat is desiccation of their habitats.
For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe’s environment.
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