EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (http://www.eea.europa.eu/legal/copyright). Copyright holder: European Environment Agency (EEA).
A positive value indicates a country for which emissions in 2008 were lower than the annual target.
The assessment is based on emissions for year 2008 and the effect of allocation to the EU ETS in 2008, the planned use of flexible mechanisms as well as the expected effect of LULUCF activities.
The gap for 'EU-15' is assessed by considering the sum of the gaps of the 15 EU Member States which are part of the burden-sharing agreement. Since Member States with a surplus can use any remaining allowances for their own purposes and not necessarily transfer them via the flexible mechanisms to compensate for Member States with a shortfall, a gap is also calculated for 'EU-15 (no overachievement)', where only shortfalls are considered, but not any surplus.