Tipping elements are regional-scale features of the climate that could exhibit threshold-type behaviour in response to human-driven climate change – that is, a small amount of climate change at a critical point could trigger an abrupt and/or irreversible shift in the tipping element. The consequences of such shifts for societies and ecosystems are likely to be severe. Question marks indicate systems whose status as tipping elements is particularly uncertain. There are other potential tipping elements that are missing from the map, for example shallow-water coral reefs (Veron et al. 2009) threatened in part by ocean acidification
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Appreciate wildlife, but be sure to watch wild animals from a distance and avoid feeding them. Remember, the scent you leave when you touch a nest or a lair may scare the parents off for good. Instead of touching, try to find out more about them and maybe even discover how you can contribute to their protection.
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