For solar electricity, a concentrating solarthermal power generation system with parabolic trough, a solar tower plant with a concentrating mirror field and a parabolic solar 'dish' mirror with a Stirling engine
EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (http://www.eea.europa.eu/legal/copyright). Copyright holder: European Environment Agency (EEA).
For PV, three types of cells were considered: monocrystalline, multicrystalline, and amorphous placed on a reference site with 1 000h/a of sunlight. For wind power, an on-shore wind park with 1.5 MWsize turbines is considered (10 turbines, wind speed of 9m/s). For geothermal, a large geothermal steam turbine plant in Italy (1 MWel) and a small scale 'binary' ORC (Organic Rankine Cycle) system in Germany that uses a closed loop are considered in the life cycle assessment.