EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (http://www.eea.europa.eu/legal/copyright). Copyright holder: European Environment Agency (EEA).
The red line indicates the average estimate for marginal external cost of a passenger train (EUR 2.68 per vehicle-km).
Marginal cost levels differ per country and depend on location, time of day, emission standard and noise standard etc. Since no data are available for average marginal cost levels in different countries, general values for best and worst cases have been used (Infras/IWW, 2004; Infras, 2000).