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You are here: Home / Data and maps / Maps and graphs / European annual average temperature deviations, 1850-2010, relative to the 1850-1899 average (in °C).

European annual average temperature deviations, 1850-2010, relative to the 1850-1899 average (in °C).

The lines refer to 10-year moving average, the bars to the annual 'land only' European average. The source of the original data is the Climatic Research Unit of the University of East Anglia. The European mean annual temperature deviations are in the source in relation to the base period 1961-1990. The annual deviations shown in the chart have been adjusted to be relative to the period 1850-1899 to better monitor the EU objective not to exceed 2°C above pre-industrial values. Over Europe average annual temperatures during the real pre-industrial period (1750-1799) were very similar to those during 1850-99. Europe is defined as the area between 35° to 70° Northern latitude, -25° to 30° Eastern longitude, plus Turkey (=35° to 40° North, 30° to 45° East). The resulting temperature anomalies were obtained using KNMI's climate explorer.

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The European mean annual temperature deviations are in the source in relation to the base period 1961-1990. The annual deviations shown in the chart have been adjusted to be relative to the period 1850-1899 to better monitor the EU objective not to exceed 2ºC above pre-industrial values. Over Europe average annual temperatures during the real pre-industrial period (1750-1799) were very similar to those during 1850-99. Europe is defined as the area between 35º to 70º Northern latitude, -25º to 30º Eastern longitude, plus Turkey (=35º to 40º North, 30º to 45º East). The resulting temperature anomalies were obtained using KNMI climate explorer.


Geographical coverage note: Europe

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