EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (http://www.eea.europa.eu/legal/copyright). Copyright holder: European Environment Agency (EEA).
The best-case marginal cost estimate for an HDV is indicated (EUR 0.26 per vehicle-km), the worst-case level is much higher (EUR 0.92 per vehicle-km).
Marginal cost levels differ per country and depend on location, time of day, emission standard and noise standard etc. Since no data are available for average marginal cost levels in different countries, general values for best and worst cases have been used (Infras/IWW, 2004; Infras, 2000).
When shopping for a new washing machine, look for an energy-efficient model that uses the least amount of water. To find out more, visit the Eco-Label web-site that lists energy-efficient appliances:
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