This figure identifies the distribution of total global pressures caused by household consumption in 9 EU countries distributed among 12 COICOP consumption categories.
The pressures caused by household consumption categories include both direct and indirect pressures.
Direct pressures are those released during consumption of goods and services i.e. emissions to air from cars and from burning fuels in households for heating, cooking etc. Indirect pressures caused by consumption comprise all pressures released along the production chains of consumed goods. Includes goods produced domestically and imported goods.
4 environmental pressures are included – greenhouse gas emissions; acidification emissions; tropospheric ozone precursors and material consumption.
The indirect pressures caused by household consumption are derived using Leontief manipulations of national accounts matrices including environmental accounts (NAMEA). The methodology used to derive indirect pressures is described in the ETC/SCP 2009 publication ‘Environmental Pressures from European Consumption and Production - A study in integrated environmental and economic analysis, available at http://scp.eionet.europa.eu/publications/working%20paper%20namea2009/wp/working%20paper%20namea2009
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When the urge to give flowers takes you, choose a potted plant from a local supplier. A lot of exotic flowers are grown in greenhouses great distances away. Aside from the issue of transport, there can be high social and environmental costs. For example, in Colombia, the flower industry uses enormous quantities of polluting pesticides, and in Kenya, horticulture requires a lot of water which reduces local water resources. As an alternative ask your flower shop for Fairtrade or organically produced flowers.
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