This figure identifies direct and indirect CO2 emissions caused by total national consumption in 2004 in 14 EU countries with available data for carrying out the calculations. CO2 caused by consumption are split into three components: 1) CO2 emitted abroad during the production of imported goods for direct consumption 2) CO2 emitted induced by domestic production for the home market 3) CO2 emitted directly by households through burning of fossil fuels for cooking, heating and in private cars
The indirect pressures caused by national consumption are derived using Leontief manipulations of a multiregional input output model including 113 regions and 57 sectors based on GTAP version 7. The methodology can be found in
Davis, S. J. and Caldeira, K. (2010) Consumption-based accounting of CO2 emissions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United states. 8th March 2010.
The direct pressures from households are obtained from the NAMEA AIR emissions accounts held by Eurostat
EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (http://www.eea.europa.eu/legal/copyright). Copyright holder: European Environment Agency (EEA).