This figure identifies changes in direct and indirect GHG emissions and material use caused by total national consumption in EU countries with available data for carrying out the calculations. The various effects of 3 contributing factors to these trends are shown: real growth in consumption expenditure (i.e. in fixed prices), reductions in the emissions/material use per Euro within individual product chains of final NACE product groups.
Pressures caused by national consumption include both direct and indirect pressures.
Direct pressures are those released during consumption of goods and services i.e. emissions to air from cars and from burning fuels in households for heating, cooking etc. Indirect pressures caused by consumption comprise all pressures released along the production chains of consumed goods. Includes goods produced domestically and imported goods.
2 environmental pressure are included – greenhouse gas emissions and material consumption (based on DMI but including DMI imported in imports).
The indirect pressures caused by national consumption are derived using Leontief manipulations of national accounts matrices including environmental accounts (NAMEA). The methodology used to derive indirect pressures is described in the ETC/SCP 2009 publication ‘Environmental Pressures from European Consumption and Production - A study in integrated environmental and economic analysis’ http://scp.eionet.europa.eu/publications/working%20paper%20namea2009/wp/working%20paper%20namea2009 Decomposition analysis has used methodology described in Rørmose, P and T. Olsen (2005) Structural Decomposition Analysis of Air Emissions in Denmark 1980-2002. Report for Statistics Denmark http://www.iioa.org/pdf/15th%20Conf/roermose_olsen.pdf
EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (http://www.eea.europa.eu/legal/copyright). Copyright holder: European Environment Agency (EEA).
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