EEA standard re-use policy: unless otherwise indicated, re-use of content on the EEA website for commercial or non-commercial purposes is permitted free of charge, provided that the source is acknowledged (http://www.eea.europa.eu/legal/copyright). Copyright holder: European Environment Agency (EEA).
Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Cyprus, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Norway and Turkey are not included due to the geographical coverage of the Urban Audit and/or lack of air quality data.
New supermarkets in the area can reduce business for smaller shops. Pollution and congestion would be significantly less if consumers frequented their local shops, rather than travelling long distances to out-of-town shopping centres.
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