European data centres
European data centres under responsibility of EEA
- European air pollution data centre
The air pollution data centre provides access to data and information related to the amount of air pollutants emitted into the atmosphere from different anthropogenic (human-made) sources as well as measured ambient air pollution at monitoring stations across Europe. The air pollution data centre also provides access to related products for air pollution indicators and assessments. Priority is given to policy-relevant data and information for European and national institutions, professionals, researchers and the public.
- European biodiversity data centre
The biodiverstity data centre provides the coordinated entry point for data on species, habitat types and sites of European interest. The data and information maintained here are used in biodiversity indicators and assessments. Priority is given to policy-relevant data and information for European and national institutions, professionals, researchers and the public.
- European climate change data centre
The climate change data centre provides access to data and information on greenhouse gas emissions, climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation in Europe. Priority is given to policy-relevant data and information for European and national policy makers, influencers (such as NGOs, business, media and scientists) and the general public.
- Environmental data centre for land use
The environmental data centre for land use provides data to understand the relationship between land use and environmental impacts. Information is provided at different scales combining European coverage with global and in situ survey data. The core of data centre activities is related to dissemination of operational services in connection with key land cover/land use datasets, relevant indicators and derived products based on spatial analysis and change detection.
- European water data centre
The water data centre provides the European entry point for water related data as part of the Water Information System for Europe (WISE). It contains the input (reporting mechanisms) and output (visualisation of results) for compliance information under several water directives (WFD, Bathing water, UWWT directive, etc) as well as voluntary information as reported e.g. under the EEA regulation through the Eionet. The information compiled and maintained here is used in indicators, assessments and policy developments that are further accessible through the thematic links in WISE.
Data centres under responsibility of EUROSTAT
- European data centre for waste
The central entry point for reporting of data under Community legislation on waste and providing information on waste and the associated environmental impacts.
- Environmental Data Centre on Natural Resources
Eurostat's Environmental Data Centre on Natural Resources (EDCNR) is an online repository for a broad range of data on Natural Resources in Europe. The EDCNR provides information on Resource Efficiency Indicators, as well as basic statistics and indicators on Natural Resources.
Data centres under responsibility of Joint Research Centre (JRC)
- European soil data centre (ESDAC).
The European Soil Data Centre acts as the primary data contact point for the European Commission's DG ENV in order to fulfill its soil information needs.
- European forest data centre (EFDAC).
The European Forest Data Center (EFDAC) is a focal point for policy relevant forest data and information by hosting and pointing to relevant forest products and by providing web-based tools for accessing and updating information located in EFDAC.
Criteria requested by the European Environment Agency for the integration of data into the Environmental data centres and their hosting infrastructure
- Use of open standards and formats, which implies that data must allow processing with freely available tools
- Microsoft Access Databases should be delivered in mdb Access 2002-2003 file format
- Dataset structure and fields should be well-documented
- Methodology for production of the data should be well-documented
- Inspire compliant metadata for spatial data: Inspire compliant metadata guidelines
- Guidance for countries on geospatial data reporting for national experts
For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe’s environment.
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