The NEC Directive covers four main air pollutants: sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) and ammonia (NH3). These pollutants can cause respiratory problems, contribute to the acidification of soil and surface water, and damage vegetation.
The production of butter, cheese and other dairy products with high fat content accounts for high greenhouse gas emissions as well as for eutrophication of groundwater, rivers and seas. Remember: Globally, around 70 % of all agricultural land is used for livestock production.
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