Several initiatives have been taken to provide overview of the potentials and challenges of sustainable biomass production and use in the Baltic Sea Region. This links closely with the ongoing process of EU criteria for sustainable biomass production. However, most projects have had a national or sectoral approach. In order to tackle the new challenges for a sustainable region, it is necessary to make a cross-sectoral and macro-regional approach to sustainable biomass production and use. This conference will focus on the sustainable production and use of biomass for bioenergy in a cross-sectoral and macro-regional perspective.