EEA/EAS/03/002 - Development of selected agri-environmental indicator fact sheets and support for assessment and reporting under the IRENA operation on the integration of environmental concerns into EU agriculture policy
DK-Copenhagen: development of selected agri-environmental indicator fact sheets and support for assessment and reporting under the IRENA operation on the integration of environmental concerns into EU agriculture policy
Is this contract covered by the Government Procurement Agreement (GPA)? Yes
|Section I: Contracting authority|
|I.||1)||Official name and address of the contracting authority: European Environment Agency, Att: Dr Jan-Erik Petersen, Kongens Nytorv 6, DK-1050 Copenhagen K. Tel.: (45) 33 36 71 50. Fax: (45) 33 36 71 99. E-mail: Jan.Erik.Petersen@eea.eu.int. URL: http://org.eu.int/tenders.|
|2)||Address from which further information can be obtained: As in I.1.|
|3)||Address from which documentation may be obtained: See Annex A.|
|4)||Address to which tenders/requests to participate must be sent: As in I.1.|
|5)||Type of contracting authority: Other (EU body).|
|I.||2)||Address from which further information can be obtained|
|3)||Address from which documentation may be obtained: European Environment Agency, for the attention of Mr Jimmy Flindt, Kongens Nytorv 6, DK-1050 Copenhagen K, tel.: +45 33 36 71 50, fax: +45 33 36 71 51, e-mail: Jimmy.firstname.lastname@example.org, URL: http://org.eea.eu.int/tenders.|
|4)||Address to which tenders/requests to participate must be sent|
Lot No 1
Lot No 2
During each of its meetings in Cardiff (June 1998), Vienna (December 1998) and Helsinki (December 1999), the European Council required the Commission to report on the integration of environmental concerns into Community sectoral policies. As a contribution to meeting this requirement for the agricultural sector, it is necessary to develop indicators to monitor such integration, i.e. agri-environmental indicators (AEI). A set of indicators has been identified in the Communication from the Commission to the Council and European Parliament, COM (2000) 20, and this set, and the statistics and other information needed to realise the indicators, was the subject of a further Commission Communication COM (2001) 144.
In response to COM (2000) 20 and COM (2001) 144 a Memorandum of Understanding between DG Agri, DG Env, DG Eurostat, DG JRC and the EEA was signed. The purpose of the Memorandum of Understanding is to specify the basis for cooperation amongst the partners in achieving the common aim of producing and assessing agri-environmental indicators and, in particular:
- to improve, develop and compile a set of agri-environmental indicators at least corresponding to indicators identified in Commission Communication COM(2001)144;
- to develop data sets required for computing such a set of indicators at the appropriate geographical levels in order to undertake regional analyses;
- to produce an assessment of the integration of environmental concerns into EU agricultural policy.
The outcome of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) is the IRENA Operation (Indicator Reporting on the Integration of Environmental concerns into Agricultural policy). The IRENA Operation is managed and coordinated by the EEA, building on contributions from all five partners of the MoU. It will result in 1) indicator fact sheets with all technical details for each indicator, 2) an indicator report, providing an environmental assessment of EU15 agriculture based on 35 indicators listed below (Table 1) and grouped by environmental theme, and 3) a policy assessment report linking the indicator output and other material to an overall framework for analysing the integration of environmental concerns into agriculture policy.
The Commission Communications on agri-environmental indicators (COM (2000) 20 and COM (2001) 144) list 35 indicators to be developed and validated (Table 1).
Table 1 - list of agri-environmental indicators COM (2001) 144:
DPSIR; themes; No; EU indicator:
public policy: 1) Area under agri-environment support, 2) Regional levels of good farming practice, 3) Regional levels of environmental targets, 4) area under nature protection,
market signals: 5.1) organic producer price premiums, 5.2) agricultural income of organic farmers;
technology skills: 6) holders' training levels.
attitudes: 7) area under organic farming;
Input use: 8) fertilizer consumption, 9) consumption of pesticides, 10) water use (intensity), 11) energy use;
Land use: 12) topological change, 13) cropping/livestock patterns;
Management: 14) management practices;
Trends: 15) intensification/extensification; 16) specialization/diversification; 17) marginalization.
pollution: 18) soil surface nutrient balance; 19) methane (CH4) emissions; 20) pesticide soil contamination; 21) water contamination;
resource depletion: 22) ground water abstraction; 23) soil erosion; 24) land cover change; 25) genetic diversity;
benefits: 26) high nature value (farming) areas; 27) production of renewable energy (by source);
Biodiversity: 28) species richness;
Natural resources: 29) soil quality; 30) nitrates/pesticides in water; 31) ground water levels;
Landscape: 32) landscape state.
habitats and biodiversity: 33) impact on habitats and biodiversity;
natural resources: 34.1) share of agriculture in GHG emissions; 34.2) share of agriculture in nitrate contamination; 34.3) share of agriculture in water use;
landscape diversity; 35) impact on landscape diversity.
Work carried out so far has focussed on developing methodology fact sheets for all the 35 COM (2001) 144 indicators. The methodology sheets contain information concerning the description and definition of the indicator; the data sources available for indicator development; a conceptual description of the indicator; limits to the development of the indicator; the tools available for computing the indicator; the proposal for further indicator development; and reference material or websites at the Community and Member States level.
Call for tender
The call for tender is divided into two lots:
lot 1: development of selected agri-environmental indicator fact sheets and contributions to the IRENA indicator report;
lot 2: support for the IRENA indicator-based policy assessment report of the integration of environmental concerns into EU agriculture policy.
If tenderers wish to apply for both lot 1 and lot 2, two separate tenders should be submitted.
Lot 1: development of selected agri-environmental indicator fact sheets and contributions to the IRENA indicator report:
the first objective of lot 1 is to provide support for indicator development and fact sheet writing for a selected number of indicators: No 5 Organic producer price premiums and agricultural income of organic farmers, No 11 Energy use, No 13 cropping/livestock patterns, No 15 intensification/extensification, No 16 specialization/diversification, No 17 marginalization and No 27 production of renewable energy (by source).
A key market response to different types of farming such as organic farming is the price premium (indicator No 5.1) and the income of organic farmers (indicator No 5.2). Available data to elaborate these indicators need to be reviewed and the indicator fact sheets for IRENA reporting need to developed.
Indicators No 11 and No 27 are indicators of agricultural energy use and the production of renewable energy on agriculture holdings. Only limited data sets are currently available to elaborate these indicators. The significance of these indicators for the environmental impact of agriculture, as well as its contribution to renewable energy production, needs to be evaluated.
Indicators No 13, No 15, No 16 and No 17 are agricultural land use or economic trend indicators. To develop and interpret these agri-environmental indicators a typology of agricultural holding needs to be established that is based on key environmental characterictics and the management of farms. An example for a typology that is potentially useful for the purposes of the IRENA operation is a model developed by the European Livestock policy evaluation network (ELPEN). This focuses on grazing livestock systems based on land use, the intensity of farming and the size of production (http://www.macaulay.ac.uk/elpen/index.htm). Related software is available from the network partners. The ELPEN typology or a similar approach needs to be developed to provide a farm typology suitable for the purposes of the IRENA operation, and including livestock, arable, horticulture and permanent crop farming systems.
The second objective of lot 1 is to support the writing of the IRENA indicator report. The IRENA indicator report provides an environmental assessment of EU15 agriculture based on the 35 agri-environment indicator fact sheets. The environmental assessment will be carried out using the DPSIR framework to establish and understand the causal links between indicators by theme. In the case of lot 1 the two relevant environmental assessment themes are:
- energy use in EU15 agriculture (Nos 11 and 27); and,
- farming system changes in EU15 agriculture (Nos 13, 15, 16 and 17).
Lot 2 support for the IRENA indicator-based policy assessment report of the integration of environmental concerns into EU agriculture policy:
the objective for work under lot 2 is to provide support to the IRENA operation in the analytical assessment of agri-environmental policy integration in the EU. This relates to help in the development and application of an analytical framework as well as the writing of the policy assessment report.
Assessment and reporting on the integration of environmental concerns into EU agricultural policy is a major task under the IRENA operation. The following paragraph summarises the text from the IRENA grant agreement on this objective.
Policy assessment indicators will be used to arrive at a systematic and integrated assessment of progress made in the integration of environmental concerns into agricultural policy, as mandated by the Cardiff process. Existing concepts and frameworks, such as the DPSIR assessment scheme, will guarantee a balance between a synthetic overview and the answers to current policy questions. Analysis of environmental policy integration will include the following aspects:
- institutional integration,
- market integration,
- management integration,
- monitoring/reporting progressContinuation sheet 2
Tasks for lot 1: development of selected agri-environmental indicator fact sheets and contributions to the IRENA indicator report
The tasks to be performed are:
1. Survey of datasets - screening of available data (including those of administrative nature) at EU level, as well as in the Member States, for their suitability as basis for the development of the specified IRENA indicators;
2. Data compilation - a full database of information supporting the indicator work is required at EU and Member State level for the indicators specified. Digital data supplied should be ascii or Excel files, which are compatible for importing into GISCO NUTS 2 and NUTS 3 coverages and into the EEA Data warehouse structure;
3. Development of typology of agricultural holdings based on key environmental characteristics and management of farms in different agricultural sectors - Selection of relevant parameters and elaboration of a quantitative aggregation protocol that will enable the discrimination of agricultural holding categories based on an EU wide typology with an agri-environmental focus;
4. Development of methodology / data fact sheets and indicator fact sheets - these fact sheets represent the reporting and communication mechanism for indicator development and analysis. Model fact sheets have been developed for the IRENA operation, in view of developing a web site for reporting and updating agri-environmental indicators. The indicator fact sheets need to be of sufficient quality to be published on the EEA website. Model fact sheets are included in Annexes B and C;
5. Validation of approach and results - the validation of the approach and results will initially be carried out by the IRENA staff. If appropriate EU wide results and illustrative case studies will also be presented to the IRENA steering group meeting and/or an IRENA expert meeting;
6. Support for the writing of the IRENA indicator report - this report will provide an environmental assessment of EU15 agriculture based on 35 indicators grouped by environmental theme. The successful tenderer will write two environmental assessments that will contribute to the IRENA indicator report: energy use in EU15 agriculture (Nos 11 and 27) and farming system changes in EU15 agriculture (Nos 13, 15, 16 and 17). The first task (6a) is to develop an outline that will be discussed with EEA staff and second tasks (6b) is to produce the final document.
The indicator reporting level the successful tenderer has to work on is the appropriate geographical level to undertake regional analysis (at least NUTS 2 for Austria, Belgium, Germany, Greece, Luxembourg, The Netherlands and NUTS 3 for Denmark, Finland, France, Italy, Ireland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom) - subject to data availability with the timeframe of the project. For certain indicators a geographical breakdown to landscape units (such as water basins) will be appropriate.
For indicators that cannot be developed at EU15 level, three representative case study areas shall be selected for indicator development and validation in three pilot regions of the EU (representative for agricultural systems in Westerns, Northern and Southern EU15 countries respectively).
Indicators need to meet the general criteria as given in the Commission Communication on agri-environmental indicators (COM (2001) 144 final):
1. Policy-relevance - address key environmental issues;
2. Responsiveness - change sufficiently quickly in response to action;
3. Analytical soundness - be based on sound science;
4. measurability - be feasible in terms of current or planned data availability;
5. ease of interpretation - communicate essential information in a way that is unambiguous and easy to understand;
6. cost effective - costs in proportion to the value of information derived.
Close coordination of work under the contract with other work at the EEA within the IRENA operation and the Bio-IMPs project needs to be ensured at all times. Consultation and cooperation with other partners in the Memorandum of Understanding between DG Agri, DG Env, DG Eurostat, DG JRC and the EEA is also essential.
The maximum budget available for work on the above tasks, including travel and subsistence costs, is 100 000 EUR. The precise division of work and budget within the contract will be agreed with the successful tenderer at the beginning of the contract.Continuation sheet 3
Tasks for lot 2: support for the IRENA indicator-based policy assessment report of the integration of environmental concerns into EU agriculture policy.
The tasks to be performed are:
1. analyse, describe and rank agri-environmental policy issues and CAP policy instruments that need to be covered by the indicator-based assessment. This is to be carried out on the basis of existing EU policy documents. EEA reports and relevant research literature, in consultation with the IRENA partners;
2. expand a first EEA analysis of CAP policy targets that are relevant for the indicator-based assessment of policy integration (draft paper presented to EUROSTAT WG AEI 4 December 2002, included in Annex D);
3. review how far the issues identified under 1. and 2. are covered by the 35 indicators and existing material at the EEA produced in the past.
4. on the basis of task 1 to 3 propose an extended outline of content for the indicator-based assessment that takes into account the integration areas listed under section 1.1.3 Lot 2 (Institutional Integration, market integration, management integration, monitoring-reporting progress). This outline needs to integrate the outcome of IRENA steering group meetings on the topic of policy integration (as documented in meeting minutes) and the summary record of a planned IRENA expert workshop on agri-environmental policy integration indicators;
5. after approval of the outline under point 4 by EEA project managers (in consultation with IRENA partners) writing of a draft indicator-based policy assessment report on policy integration in cooperation with EEA and IRENA staff;
6. finalization of the indicator-based assessment on the integration of environmental concerns into agriculture policy, after consultation on the draft report among IRENA partners and the EEA EIONET.
Close coordination of work under the contract with other work at the EEA within the IRENA operation and the Bio-IMPS Project needs to be ensured at all times. Consultation and cooperation with other partners in the Memorandum of Understanding between DG Agri, DG Env, DG Eurostat, DG JRC and the EEA is also essential.
The maximum budget available for work on the above tasks, including travel and subsistence costs, is 60 000 EUR. The precise division of work and budget within the contract will be agreed with the successful tenderer at the beginning of the contract.
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This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe’s environment.
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