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Global search on data, maps and indicators

Peak and 2100 concentrations of total greenhouse gases in the atmosphere consistent with a 67% probability of keeping the average global temperature increase below 1.5°C (left) and 2°C (right)

The periods within which peak concentrations could be exceeded are shown by light blue arrows, based on the trend of the past 10 years in total greenhouse gas concentrations and without allowing for a temperature overshoot (based on IPCC, 2019).

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Temporal development of the number of species of each biogeographical affinity group (top) and of the ratio between Lusitanian and Boreal species with sea surface temperature (bottom) by marine region

The charts show: Top figures: the temporal development in the number of species of each biogeographical affinity group (Atlantic, Boreal, Lusitania and Unknown) by marine region (Greater North Sea, Baltic Sea, Celtic Seas and Bay of Biscay and the Iberian Coast). Bottom figures: the temporal development of the ratio between Lusitanian and Boreal species and sea surface temperature by marine region to investigate correlations.

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Temporal development of the ratio of the number of Lusitanian species to the number of Boreal species

The maps show the temporal development of the ratio between the number of warm-favouring (Lusitanian) fish species and the number of cool-favouring (Boreal) fish species by The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) statistical area in 8-year intervals from 1982 to 2022.

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Overview of the different surveys used for the specific ICES Sub-divisions

The table shows the Survey name, the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) sub-division in which the survey is undertaken, the gear used in the survey, the initial start date of the survey and the quarter used for the assessments.

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Overview of the ICES divisions and statistical rectangles sampled

The map shows the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) rectangles covered by the Database Trawl Surveys (DATRAS) surveys over the period analysed (1967-2022).

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Concentrations of CB118 relative to assessment criteria

The figure shows concentrations of CB188 relative to the assessment criteria BAC (Background Assessment Concentration) and EQS (Environmental Quality Standard as given in the Water Framework Directive). For instance, a point at '4x EQS' indicates a site where the observed concentration was four (4) times the EQS limit. The points have been spread in the x direction in order to avoid too much overlap.

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Hazardous substances in marine organisms in European seas

There is one map for each of the contaminants. In the map, each of the small dots represents a station (a location which is regularly monitored), coloured according to estimated concentration levels (low/moderate/high relative to environmental thresholds). The big pie diagrams show, for each region, the proportion of stations that have low/moderate/high concentration levels. The arrow by each pie diagram shows whether concentrations are in general increasing, decreasing or show no significant change.

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Percentage of reported monitoring sites with pesticides exceeding thresholds in surface waters, different sized rivers, lakes and groundwater in European countries, 2016-2021

The figure shows the percentage of monitoring sites with threshold exceedances of pesticides in surface waters, different sized rivers, lakes and groundwater in European countries. This was used to examine threshold exceedances according to Surface Waters; Rivers, small; Rivers, medium; Rivers, large; Lakes, and Groundwater.

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Percentage of reported monitoring sites with pesticides exceeding thresholds in a) surface  waters and b) groundwater in Europe, weighted by country area

The figures show the percentage of monitoring sites with exceedance of effect thresholds or quality standards, set by European or national regulatory standards, and weighted by country area to reduce the impact of uneven data reporting. For surface waters, EU environmental quality standards and (in the absence of those) national regulatory standards were used, reflecting the lowest ecotoxicologically-based effect threshold. Effect thresholds were identified for 116 out of 237 pesticides (49%). The exceedances included here refer to those 116 pesticides. For groundwater, the Groundwater Directive quality standard of 0.1µg/l was used to identify exceedance. Twelve non-relevant metabolites (nrM) were excluded from the assessment.

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Occurrence of reduced oxygen concentrations in coastal and marine waters surrounding Europe (average for the years 2011-2022)

Observations are aggregated at the level of 100*100 km grid cells, and show the mean 25-percentile of dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations subdivided in four classes (<2 mg/l, 2-4 mg/l, 4-6 mg/l, >6 mg/l). The pie charts indicate the relative spatial coverage of areas with the four different concentrations of DO, aggregated by Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) marine regions - North-East Atlantic Ocean, Baltic Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea (smaller pie charts) and for all regions combined (large pie chart in centre). Oxygen concentrations above 6mg/l are considered to support marine life with minimal problems while concentrations less than 2mg/l (hypoxia, oxygen deficiency) are considered to cause severe problems.

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Trends in oxygen concentrations in the near-bottom waters of the North-East Atlantic Ocean and Baltic Sea regions (1989-2021)

The maps show trends in annual 25-percentile of oxygen concentrations in near-bottom waters at stations with at least 6 years of observations in the period 1989-2021, and the number of trends for the North-East Atlantic and Baltic Sea, by three classes of DO concentrations: <4mg/l (including <2mg/l class); 4-6mg/l and >6mg/l. Only trends for time series ending after 2000 are included. The chart shows the number of time series with increasing trend/no trend/decreasing trend in the North-East Atlantic Ocean and Baltic Sea for grid cells with concentrations <4 mg/l, 4-6 mg/l and >6 mg/l group, for oxygen concentrations in the near-bottom layer during 1989-2021.

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Circular material use rate in the EU and breakdown by material group between 2010 and 2022

The black line indicates changes in the total circular material use rate for the EU over time, while the coloured lines show changes in the circular material use rates for the various material groups.

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Trends in dissolved inorganic nitrogen and orthophosphate concentrations in transitional, coastal and marine waters in Europe, 1980-2021

Trends in concentrations of nitrogen (dissolved inorganic nitrogen—DIN) and phosphorus (orthophosphate) in the upper 10m of the water column in European seas during the season of low phytoplankton growth (SLPG) are shown for the period 1980-2021. Green circles indicate stations with significant (p<0.05) decreasing trends; orange circles show stations with significant (p<0.05) increasing trends; and grey circles show stations with no significant trends. In these cases, p is a statistical term describing the probability that the trend is significant.

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Number of time series available showing increasing, decreasing or no trends in dissolved inorganic nitrogen and orthophosphate concentrations for each regional sea during the period 1980-2021

The different sea regions are presented in the Y axis. The X axis corresponds to the number of time series with statistically significant decreasing trends (green), increasing trends (orange) and no trends (grey). Statistical significance at p<0.05.

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Municipal waste landfill rates in Europe by country

Cluster columns chart shows development in landfill rate of municipal waste in European countries in 2010 and 2021. Data is presented in descending order according to 2021 data values. Line chart represents EU landfill target for 2035.

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Amounts and share of waste deposited in landfills, by type of waste category, EU-27

The figure combines two charts. The stacked chart shows the amounts and percentage of waste (excluding major mineral waste) deposited in landfills in the EU-27. The line chart shows amounts landfilled for major waste categories (household and similar waste, combustion waste, sorting residues and other waste).

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