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Global search on data, maps and indicators

Romania – air pollution country fact sheet

A significant proportion of Europe's urban population lives in cities where EU air quality standards for the protection of human health are regularly exceeded. Air pollution continues to have significant impacts on the health of Europeans, particularly in urban areas. These health impacts have economic costs, cutting short lives, increasing medical costs and reducing productivity through lost working days. The pollutants with the most serious impacts on human health are particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide and ground-level ozone.

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Liechtenstein – air pollution country fact sheet

A significant proportion of Europe's urban population lives in cities where EU air quality standards for the protection of human health are regularly exceeded. Air pollution continues to have significant impacts on the health of Europeans, particularly in urban areas. These health impacts have economic costs, cutting short lives, increasing medical costs and reducing productivity through lost working days. The pollutants with the most serious impacts on human health are particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide and ground-level ozone.

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Italy – air pollution country fact sheet

A significant proportion of Europe's urban population lives in cities where EU air quality standards for the protection of human health are regularly exceeded. Air pollution continues to have significant impacts on the health of Europeans, particularly in urban areas. These health impacts have economic costs, cutting short lives, increasing medical costs and reducing productivity through lost working days. The pollutants with the most serious impacts on human health are particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide and ground-level ozone.

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Ireland – air pollution country fact sheet

A significant proportion of Europe's urban population lives in cities where EU air quality standards for the protection of human health are regularly exceeded. Air pollution continues to have significant impacts on the health of Europeans, particularly in urban areas. These health impacts have economic costs, cutting short lives, increasing medical costs and reducing productivity through lost working days. The pollutants with the most serious impacts on human health are particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide and ground-level ozone.

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Greece – air pollution country fact sheet

A significant proportion of Europe's urban population lives in cities where EU air quality standards for the protection of human health are regularly exceeded. Air pollution continues to have significant impacts on the health of Europeans, particularly in urban areas. These health impacts have economic costs, cutting short lives, increasing medical costs and reducing productivity through lost working days. The pollutants with the most serious impacts on human health are particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide and ground-level ozone.

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Estonia – air pollution country fact sheet

A significant proportion of Europe's urban population lives in cities where EU air quality standards for the protection of human health are regularly exceeded. Air pollution continues to have significant impacts on the health of Europeans, particularly in urban areas. These health impacts have economic costs, cutting short lives, increasing medical costs and reducing productivity through lost working days. The pollutants with the most serious impacts on human health are particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide and ground-level ozone.

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Cyprus – air pollution country fact sheet

A significant proportion of Europe's urban population lives in cities where EU air quality standards for the protection of human health are regularly exceeded. Air pollution continues to have significant impacts on the health of Europeans, particularly in urban areas. These health impacts have economic costs, cutting short lives, increasing medical costs and reducing productivity through lost working days. The pollutants with the most serious impacts on human health are particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide and ground-level ozone.

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Austria – air pollution country fact sheet

A significant proportion of Europe's urban population lives in cities where EU air quality standards for the protection of human health are regularly exceeded. Air pollution continues to have significant impacts on the health of Europeans, particularly in urban areas. These health impacts have economic costs, cutting short lives, increasing medical costs and reducing productivity through lost working days. The pollutants with the most serious impacts on human health are particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide and ground-level ozone.

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Croatia – air pollution country fact sheet

A significant proportion of Europe's urban population lives in cities where EU air quality standards for the protection of human health are regularly exceeded. Air pollution continues to have significant impacts on the health of Europeans, particularly in urban areas. These health impacts have economic costs, cutting short lives, increasing medical costs and reducing productivity through lost working days. The pollutants with the most serious impacts on human health are particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide and ground-level ozone.

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Belgium – air pollution country fact sheet

A significant proportion of Europe's urban population lives in cities where EU air quality standards for the protection of human health are regularly exceeded. Air pollution continues to have significant impacts on the health of Europeans, particularly in urban areas. These health impacts have economic costs, cutting short lives, increasing medical costs and reducing productivity through lost working days. The pollutants with the most serious impacts on human health are particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide and ground-level ozone.

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Bulgaria - Air pollution country fact sheet

A significant proportion of Europe's urban population lives in cities where EU air quality standards for the protection of human health are regularly exceeded. Air pollution continues to have significant impacts on the health of Europeans, particularly in urban areas. These health impacts have economic costs, cutting short lives, increasing medical costs and reducing productivity through lost working days. The pollutants with the most serious impacts on human health are particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide and ground-level ozone.

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Numbers of Member States that met their national emissions reduction commitments for the five key pollutants in 2020 (top) and had already met their 2030 objectives in 2020 (bottom).

The figure shows the number of Member States that are below their reduction commitments and the aggregated groups with number of Member States that are above.

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Spatial variation in N surplus (left) and P surplus (right) for the year 2010 in the EU-27

The figure shows the spatial variation in nitrogen (N) surplus (left map) and phosporus (P) surplus (right map) for all agricultural land in the EU-27 in 2010 (excluding the United Kingdom and Croatia). The surplus for N is calculated as the sum of N inputs to land (fertiliser, manure and biosolids, atmospheric N deposition, biological fixation and net mineralisation) minus crop removal (offtake). The surplus for P is calculdated as the sum of P inputs to land (fertiliser, manure and biosolids, atmospheric P deposition) minus crop removal (offtake). In the two maps, regions with higher N and P surpluses are coloured in shades of orange and red (with red colours representing N surpluses over 150 kg/ha/yr and P surpluses of 12 kg/ha/yr, respectively). Regions with lower N and P surpluses are shown in shades of green. N surpluses occur in nearly all regions, and are highest in areas with high livestock densities such as the Netherlands, Belgium, Brittany in France and the Po valley region in Italy. Because P is adsorbed by the soil, P surpluses can be negative in areas where crop uptake exceeds P input and P inputs are completely eliminated (so-called P mining), such as in parts of France, Germany, Czechia, Slovakia and Hungary. The maps and the supporting information are adapted from De Vries, W., Romkens, P., Kros, H., Voogd, J.C.H., Schulte-Uebbing, L., 2022, Impacts of nutrients and heavy metals in European agriculture. Current and critical inputs in relation to air, soil and water quality, ETC-DI Report 2022/01, European Environment Agency.

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Comparison of 16 climate and environmental impacts of EU consumption with the Earth’s carrying capacity

The figure shows how many times the planetary boundaries are exceeded for various impacts due to EU consumption patterns.

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Landfill — air emissions of selected pollutants from 2010-2020, indexed to 2010

Emissions reported to European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR) of 3 pollutants (CO2, NH3, CH4), and number of reporting facilities. Emissions from 2010-2020, indexed to 2010. Activity covered: 5d in annex I of the E-PRTR Regulation (‘Landfills (excluding landfills of inert waste and landfills which were closed before 16.7.2001 or for which the after-care phase required by the competent authorities according to Article 13 of the Landfill Directive); receiving 10 tonnes per day or with a total capacity of 25 000 tonnes’).

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Incineration plants (non-hazardous waste incineration) — air emissions of selected pollutants, from 2010-2020, indexed to 2010

Emissions reported to the European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR) of 3 pollutants (NOX, PAH, dioxins and furans), and number of reporting facilities. Emissions from 2010-2020, indexed to 2010 (except PAH indexed to 2009). Activity covered: 5b in Annex I of the E-PRTR Regulation (‘Installations for the incineration of non-hazardous waste in the scope of the Industrial Emissions Directive; with a capacity of 3 tonnes per hour').

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Estimated potential volume and value of industrial symbiosis activities by industry

This shows the potential volume and value of waste currently generated by industry in the EU and which can be utilised in industrial symbiosis activities

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Trends in the risk and use of chemical pesticides in the EU-27, 2011-2020

The European Commission has developed a set of risk indicators on chemical pesticides to track progress towards the Zero Pollution and Farm to Fork target for pesticide reduction. These indicators show that the risk and use of pesticides has decreased by 14% since the baseline period in 2015-2017.

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Industrial releases of pollutants to air and economic activity in the EU-27, 2010-2020

The figure shows the trend of pollutant releases into air in the EU-27 from 2010 to 2020 by using 2010 releases values as reference. In addition, gross value added (GVA) from the industry sector is presented.

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Estimated mineral fertiliser consumption by agriculture in the EU-27, 2008-2018

The graph shows mineral fertiliser consumption, separately for nitrogen and phosphorus

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