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Global search on data, maps and indicators

Correlation in growth of passenger transport vs GDP growth

The figure shows the correlation between growth in the economy and growth in passenger transport

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SO2 annual average, 2004

Annual average rural concentration map of SO2 for ecosystems, 2004

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Population density disaggregated with Corine land cover 2000

Raster data on population density using Corine Land Cover 2000 inventory

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Habitats of European interest — conservation status by biogeographical region

How to read the map: in the Mediterranean biogeographical region, about 21 % of habitats are in favourable conservation status, but 37 % are in unfavourable (bad plus inadequate) status.

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Elevation breakdown

Elevation breakdown

15 Nov 2007

The Elevation breakdown is used to allocate land cover changes into homogeneous areas as function of height, slope and distance to the sea

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Land cover 2006 and changes country analysis

Based on common template, EEA has analyzed the Corine Land cover 2006 data and provides graphs and maps with concise characterization of land cover changes in 38 EEA member and collaborating countries. Provided information does not represent reporting from the Countries, however it is based on validated CLC2006 data.

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Corine land cover 2000 coastline

Complete coastline features for all the countries that produced Corine land cover 2000 and have a coastline, with detailed descriptions on the environment and type of coastal areas

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EMEP grids reprojected by EEA

EEA has reprojected the grid used by EMEP for analyses on air emissions (150*150 km2 and 50*50 km2 grids covering Europe)

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Corine biotopes in Phare countries

The Corine biotopes shape files and database is an inventory and location of major nature sites in the Phare countries (Albania, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia). The database is part of the Corine biotopes project to enhance reliable and accessible information about vulnerable ecosystems, habitats and species of importance as background information for Community environmental assessment.

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Elevation map of Europe

The map is made using the global digital elevation model (DEM) derived from GTOPO30. Note that the values in the file are not the original elevation data. The data has been processed to create an image for presentation purposes streching a predefined colour template over the derived values.

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Corine biotopes

Corine biotopes

14 Mar 2003

The Corine biotopes (Version 2000) database is an inventory of major nature sites

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Land take in 2012-2018 in floodplains of the FUAs of the EU-27 and the UK region by country and FUA structure

Left chart: The extent of land take during 2012-2018 (in % of the 2012 value) in floodplains of the FUAs is presented in the barchart, broken down by countries and protection type. The dataset covers the entire EEA-39 region but the figure only presents EU-27+UK countries. Right map: Land take is derived from comparing the Urban Atlas 2012 and 2018 datasets of the Copernicus Land Monitoring Service. Land take is expressed as the converted area in % of the 2012 land cover extent (% of non-urban land cover in 2012 that is converted to urban land cover by 2018). The dataset covers the entire EEA-39 region but the Figure only presents EU-27+UK countries.

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Days with fire danger exceeding a threshold

The index reports the total number of days per year with a critical level of fire danger. Fire danger is based on the Canadian Fire Weather Index (FWI) which is one of the most commonly used fire indices globally. It is based on a numerical rating of the potential frontal fire intensity and combines the rate of fire spread with the amount of fuel being consumed. The calculation of FWI requires several meteorological input variables (see the ETC-CCA Technical Paper for details). FWI values are classified into several fire danger classes. According to the classification of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS; EC, 2020), FWI values in the range 11.2-21.3, 21.3-38 and 38-50 represent ‘moderate’, ‘high’ and ‘very high’ fire risk, respectively. However, different classifications are being used at national levels. The index presented here shows the annual number of days with high fire danger conditions (defined as daily FWI values above 30 in the underlying CDS dataset).

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Frequency of extreme precipitation

The frequency of extreme precipitation refers to the total number of days in a year with total precipitation exceeding the 99th percentile of the daily precipitation values during the reference period. Other implementations of this index may use a different percentile (e.g., 95th) depending on the level of rarity of events to be considered.

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Frost days

Frost days

20 Jan 2022

The frost days index is defined as the number of days in a year with a daily minimum temperature below 0°C. Variations of this index limit the counting of frost occurrences to particular seasons (e.g., the growing season or the spring months). A closely related index is ‘ice days’, which uses daily maximum instead of minimum temperature.

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