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Changes in the contributions of buses and trains (collective transport modes) to inland passenger transport and inland waterways and trains (non-road modes) to freight transport across European countries between 2005 and 2020

The figure shows the change, in percentage points, in the contribution of buses and trains (collective transport modes) to total inland passenger transport (left panel) and inland waterways and trains (non-road modes) to total freight transport (right panel) by country for the period 2005-2020.

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Contribution of buses and trains (collective transport modes) and inland waterways and trains (non-road transport modes) to inland passenger transport and freight transport, respectively, in the EU-27

The figure shows the share of bus and trains (collective modes) and of inland waterways and trains (non-road modes) in total inland passenger and freight transport activity respectively in the EU-27.

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Summary of preliminary classification and identification of ‘non-problem areas’ and ‘potential problem areas’ with respect to marine litter in Europe’s Seas for all areas and for four regions

The MALT tool assesses status with respect to maring litter, assigning a class of High, Good, Moderate, Poor or Bad. The larger figure shows the sum of assessed area having each of the status classes across Europe's Seas and the four smaller figures shows the summarizerd area for each status class within four regions: (1) Baltic Sea, (2) North-east Atlantic Ocean, (3) Mediterranean Sea and (4) Black Sea

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Total amounts of generated PPSI (plastic packaging and small non-packaging plastic items) waste (million tonnes) that is managed (light orange) and mismanaged (dark orange) in overall EEA-32 countries and United Kingdom, in 2012 and 2018

See report Marine Litter in Europe-An integrated assessment from source to sea (https://forum.eionet.europa.eu/etc-icm-consortium/library/subvention-2022/tasks-and-milestones-2022/1.1.8.1-marine-litter-assessment/milestone-2-addressing-comments-eea-and-finalization-assessment-report/final-version-november-2022-eea-approval/etc-icm_marine-litter-assessment_master_v5.2_06112022_for-eea-approval)

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Europe currently demands around 20 million tonnes of  plastic for packaging

The figure shows the change in plastics demand for packaging in Europe

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Spatial distribution of Floating Macrolitter Loading from Europe into the ocean

The map shows the spatial distribution of Floating Macrolitter Loading from Europe into the ocean based on mean-based modelled estimates calculated using the RIMMEL database. The coloured dots represent litter loading predicted on the basis of the Mamanaged Waste in each individual drainage basin, including permanent rivers, non-permanent rivers and streams.

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Total waste and plastic packaging waste generation versus GDP in EU-27

The figure shows Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and plastic packaging waste generated per person in EU-27, between 2011 and 2020, and total waste generation between 2010 and 2020.

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Nearly 40 percent of plastic demand comes from the production of plastic packaging

The figure shows estimated Market Demand in 2021 for the EU-27 plus United Kingdom, Switzerland, and Norwey in percentages. The above data are rounded estimations. Demand data are built on estimations of quantities bought by European converters, including imports. Demand for recycled plastics and bio-based/bio-attributed plastics is not included. Polymers that are not used in the conversion of plastic parts and products (i.e. for textiles, adhesives, sealants, coatings, etc.) are not included.

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Total amounts of generated PPSI (plastic packaging and small non-packaging plastic items) waste (million tonnes) that is managed (light orange) and mismanaged (dark orange) in overall EEA-32 countries and United Kingdom, in 2012 and 2018

See report Marine Litter in Europe-An integrated assessment from source to sea (https://forum.eionet.europa.eu/etc-icm-consortium/library/subvention-2022/tasks-and-milestones-2022/1.1.8.1-marine-litter-assessment/milestone-2-addressing-comments-eea-and-finalization-assessment-report/final-version-november-2022-eea-approval/etc-icm_marine-litter-assessment_master_v5.2_06112022_for-eea-approval)

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Europe currently demands around 20 million tonnes of  plastic for packaging

The figure shows the change in plastics demand for packaging in Europe.

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Peak and 2100 concentrations of total greenhouse gases in the atmosphere consistent with a 67% probability of keeping the average global temperature increase below 1.5°C (left) and 2°C (right)

Peak and 2100 concentrations of total greenhouse gases in the atmosphere consistent with a 67% probability of keeping the average global temperature increase below 1.5°C (left) and 2°C (right) are shown. The periods within which peak concentrations could be exceeded are shown by light blue arrows, based on the trend of the past 10 years in total greenhouse gas concentrations and without allowing for a temperature overshoot (based on IPCC, 2018)

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Example from EEA’s interactive data platform showing accounts of the land surface sealing status in Europe for 2018

The example present results from EEA's regular mapping for the indicators ‘Imperviousness and imperviousness change in Europe’, for the inventory year 2018.

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Decadal average sea surface temperature anomaly in different European seas

Time series (1870-2021) of decadal average observed sea surface temperature anomalies (°C), with respect to the period 1991-2020, for each of the European basins, for the European seas as a whole, and for the global ocean. Data sources: HadSST4.0.1.0 (1850-2021), ERSSTTv5 (1880-2021), HadISST1 (1870-2021) and satellite-based ESA CCI/C3S SST Climate Data Record v2.1 (1991-2021).

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Seasonal water scarcity conditions across Europe, measured by the water exploitation index plus (WEI+) for sub river basins, 2019

Water exploitation index plus (WEI+) illustrates the percentage of water use versus water available in the respective subbasin.

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Area affected during at least for one quarter of the year by water scarcity conditions in the EU, measured by the water exploitation index plus

The graph presents trend with the area of the European Union affected by water scarcity conditions between 2000-2019. Water scarcity conditions is adopted, i.e. when WEI+ values are above 20% for at least a quarter of the year in a given river sub basin; annual quarters are: Q1 (January-March), Q2 (April-June), Q3 (July-September), Q4 (October-December). No sufficient data available from Italy, hence Italian river basins have not been included in the analysis.

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Worst seasonal water scarcity conditions for European countries in 2019, measured by the water exploitation index plus (WEI+)

This figure gives an overview of the worst quarterly water scarcity conditions (maximum WEI+ in a consecutive 3-month period) of 2019 across countries in Europe. Seasonal WEI+ values are estimated as quarterly averages per country. The worst quarter of the year for water scarcity conditions is provided in brackets next to the name of the country. Annual quarters are: Q1 (January-March), Q2 (April-June), Q3 (July-September), Q4 (October-December). No data is available for Montenegro and Lichtenstein.

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EU underwater noise energy (J) by sea, 2014-2020

The figure shows EU underwater radiated noise (URN) emissions per sea basin per year.

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