Data and maps

Natura 2000 coverage in Europe's seas

Natura 2000 data refers to information reported by Member States by the end of 2021. Europe's seas are defined by the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) marine regions (in bold below) and subregions.

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Nutrients in European water bodies

This figure shows the trends in nitrate in European groundwater and rivers and the trends in phosphorus in European lakes and rivers.

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Extended wetland ecosystem layer

The dataset “Extended wetland ecosystem” is a derived product of the Corine Land Cover (CLS) layer for the year 2018 which has then been reclassified into 20 wetland classes on the basis of ancillary spatial layers (“Water and Wetness 2018” and “Riparian Zone Layer” Copernicus products, the “Ecosystem types of Europe” v3.1 and “The Global Spatial Water Explorer” datasets). Besides the traditional types of inland and coastal wetlands (i.e. marshes, rivers, lakes, lagoons, estuaries), the layer also covers the forest, grassland and agricultural ecosystems which are seasonally or permanently flooded (i.e. riparian forests, wet grasslands, rice fields) and are therefore considered as wetlands according to the Ramsar Convention definition and typology. This wetland reclassification and mapping considers their hydro-ecological characteristics and provides information about the real spatial extent and distribution of varied wetland habitats.

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Exceedance of atmospheric nitrogen deposition above critical loads for eutrophication in Europe in 2020

The map shows the ecosystem areas at risk of eutrophication in 2020. Critical loads refer to the upper limits of one or more pollutants deposited on the Earth’s surface that an ecosystem, such as nutrient-poor grasslands or forests, can tolerate without its function (e.g. the nutrient nitrogen cycle) or its structure (e.g. plant species’ richness) being damaged. If the deposition of airborne nitrogen (nitrate and ammonium compounds) is in excess of these critical loads, this is termed an ‘exceedance’, and an ecosystem is considered at risk of eutrophication. The map shows areas where critical loads are not exceeded (grey shading), indicating no risk of eutrophication, and where atmospheric nitrogen deposition exceeds critical loads, by magnitude of exceedance.

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Invasive Alien Species reporting under EU Regulation 1143/2014

All Member States are requested by EU Regulation 1143/2014 to report every 6 years on the Invasive Alien Species (IAS) of Union, of regional and of Member State concern and to provide information on cross-cutting issues of the implementation of the Regulation.

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