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Data and maps

Habitats and species: latest status and trends

Despite some positive results of conservation action in recent years, the latest assessments of habitats and species in Europe show worrying results.

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Bird populations: latest status and trends

The long-term trends in bird populations demonstrate that Europe has experienced a major decline in biodiversity.

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Status and trends of bird populations: datasets from Article 12, Birds Directive 2009/147/EC reporting

All Member States are requested by the Birds Directive to monitor bird species and send a report every 6 years following an agreed format. This information includes population sizes and trends (short and long term) for breeding and wintering populations, as well as pressures and threats for Special Protection Area trigger species. In addition, population status and trends are assessed at the EU level.

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Conservation status of habitat types and species: datasets from Article 17, Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC reporting

All Member States are requested by the Habitats Directive to monitor habitat types and species listed in its annexes and send a report every 6 years following an agreed format. The assessment of conservation status is based on information about the status and trends of species populations and of habitats at the level of the biogeographical or marine region.

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Explore nature reporting data

Every 6 years EU Member States are required to report on the sizes of and trends in populations of birds (Article 12 of the Birds Directive) and on the conservation status of and trends in targeted habitats and species (Article 17 of the Habitats Directive) within their European territories.

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State of nature in the EU

This report describing the state of nature in the EU is based on reports from Member States under the Birds (2009/147/EC) and the Habitats (92/43/EEC) directives and on subsequent assessments at EU or EU biogeographical levels. In addition to an overview on species and habitats status, both at national and EU levels, it also addresses the status of the Natura 2000 network and its possible contribution to the status of species and habitats. Finally, the report provides results on progress towards Targets 1 and 3 of the EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy.

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Latest evaluation shows Europe's nature in serious, continuing decline

Unsustainable farming and forestry, urban sprawl and pollution are the top pressures to blame for a drastic decline in Europe’s biodiversity, threatening the survival of thousands of animal species and habitats. Moreover, European Union (EU) nature directives and other environmental laws still lack implementation by Member States. Most protected habitats and species are not in good conservation status and much more must be done to reverse the situation, according to the European Environment Agency’s (EEA) ‘State of nature in the EU’ report, published today.

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Vote for your favourite photos while rediscovering Europe's nature

This year’s European Environment Agency’s (EEA) ‘REDISCOVER Nature’ photo competition is our most successful ever and as of today, you can vote for your favourite photos and help decide the winner of the Public Choice Award.

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The future of monitoring pollution?

New technology and tools are opening up new possibilities for environmental monitoring and analysis. For example, citizen science, satellite observations, big data and artificial intelligence present opportunities for improving the timeliness, comparability, granularity and integration of data.

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Spatial diversity of habitats covered by the Habitats Directive (marine habitats are excluded)

The map shows the number of terrestrial ART17 habitats reports per 10x10km GRID cells (2013-2018)

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Improvements across EU Biogeographical Regions

The map shows the biogeographical and marine Regions for EU28 countries.

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Total area of Natura 2000 sites

This map is a cartogram that distorts the geometry of regions to convey specific information by resizing. The bottom left box refers to the Macaronesian islands (Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands). It only includes terrestrial Natura 2000 sites for EU-28 (SPAs, SACs, SCIs and proposed SCIs).

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Number of Natura 2000 sites

This map is a cartogram that distorts the geometry of regions to convey specific information by resizing. The box on the bottom left refers to the Macaronesian islands (Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands). It only includes terrestrial Natura 2000 sites for EU-28 (SPAs, SACs, SCIs and proposed SCIs).

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Spatial distribution of habitats conservation status trends at Member State level represented in a 10 x 10 km grid

The map shows an index of conservation status trends of habitats calculated on a 10 x 10 km distribution grid

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Number of reported wintering taxa per country

This map is a cartogram that distorts the geometry of regions to convey specific information by resizing. Here, the size of the country shows the number of reported species in relation to the country size. The map do not show all species appearing in a country. Thus, the map shows the reporting result rather than the species diversity of a country. The box on the bottom left refers to the Macaronesian islands (Azores, Madeira and Canary islands). Romania has not reported and is therefore not included in the map.

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Share of country designated as terrestrial protected area and the overlap between Natura 2000 or Emerald sites and national designations

The overlap for Norway and Switzerland relates to Emerald Network sites. For all other countries the overlap relates to Natura 2000 sites. Statistics on national designations are based on data reported by EEA countries to the Nationally designated areas (CDDA) database.

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