Freshwater - Why care? (Belgium)

SOER 2010 Common environmental theme (Deprecated) expired
This page was archived on 21 Mar 2015 with reason: A new version has been published
Why should we care about this theme?
Freshwater Freshwater
more info
Organisation name
Reporting country
Organisation website
Organisation website
Contact link
Contact link
Last updated
22 Dec 2010
Content license
CC By 2.5
Content provider
Published: 05 Nov 2010 Modified: 21 Mar 2015 Feed synced: 22 Dec 2010 original
Key message

Sufficient water and water of good quality are essential for life and all economic activity.

The increasing demand by citizens and environmental organisations for cleaner rivers and lakes, groundwater and coastal waters has been evident for a considerable amount of time. This demand is one of the reasons why the EU established a Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) for water protection and management, in order to prevent and reduce pollution, promote sustainable water use, protect the aquatic environment, improve the status of aquatic ecosystems and mitigate the effects of floods and droughts. To achieve these objectives by 2015, the three Belgian regions and the federal government1 are working on integrated river basin management plans (for the Scheldt, Meuse, Rhine and Seine districts) and programmes of measures appropriate for each water body. The major measures seek to prevent deterioration, restore and improve the quality of aquatic environment (water resources and ecosystem) and associated wetlands, reduce and eliminate discharges of hazardous substances, achieve good chemical and ecological status and ensure a balance between groundwater abstraction and replenishment.

Water is not scarce in Belgium and water supply is generally continuous and of good quality. Nevertheless, Belgium still faces major water pollution challenges because of intensive agriculture (use of pesticides and nitrogenous fertilisers is among the highest in the OECD), industrial activity and densely populated areas. A large and increasing proportion of groundwater aquifers have high levels of nitrates and pesticides. Besides, wastewater treatment has long lagged behind. Thanks to the concerted effort of the three Belgian regions, industrial discharges to water continued to decline and the share of the population connected to a wastewater treatment plant grew from 42 % to 69 % between 2000 and 2007. As a result, the concentration of pollutants in many surface waters dropped, and aquatic life became more abundant. Moreover, further reforms in the financing of water infrastructure led to a more consistent application of the polluter pays principle. Overall, Belgium’s pricing policy reflects the fact that water is an economic commodity with a social dimension.


1 Belgium’s three regions bear most of the responsibility for fresh water management, whereas the federal government is responsible for protection of the North Sea and for setting product standards.


The country assessments are the sole responsibility of the EEA member and cooperating countries supported by the EEA through guidance, translation and editing.

Sign up to receive our reports (print and/or electronic) and quarterly e-newsletter.
Follow us
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100