Premature deaths attributable to air pollution

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Page Last modified 21 Apr 2016
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Premature deaths attributable to fine particulate matter (PM2.5), ozone (O3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exposure in 2012 in 40 European countries and the EU 28.
CountryPM2.5O3NO2
Austria 6 100 320 660
Belgium 9 300 170 2 300
Bulgaria 14 100 500 700
Croatia 4 500 270 50
Cyprus 790 40 0
Czech Republic 10 400 380 290
Denmark 2 900 110 50
Estonia 620 30 0
Finland 1 900 60 0
France 43 400   1 500 7 700
Germany 59 500 2 100 10 400
Greece 11 100 780 1 300
Hungary 12 800 610 720
Ireland 1 200 30 0
Italy 59 500 3 300 21 600
Latvia 1 800 60 90
Lithuania 2 300 80 0
Luxembourg 250 10 60
Malta 200 20 0
Netherlands 10 100 200 2 800
Poland 44 600 1 100 1 600
Portugal 5 400 320 470
Romania 25 500 720 1 500
Slovakia 5 700 250 60
Slovenia 1 700 100 30
Spain 25 500 1 800 5 900
Sweden 3 700 160 10
United Kingdom 37 800 530 14 100
Albania 2 200 140 270
Andorra 60 4 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3 500 200 70
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 3 000 130 210
Iceland 100 2 0
Liechtenstein 20 1 3
Monaco 30 2 7
Montenegro 570 40 20
Norway 1 700 70 200
San Marino 30 2 0
Serbia (a) 13 400 550 1 100
Switzerland 4 300 240 950
Total (b)     432 000      17 000      75 000
EU-28 (b) 403 000 16 000 72 000

Notes: (a)  Including Kosovo, under the UN Security Council Resolution 1244/99.
(b) 'Total' and 'EU-28' figures are rounded up or down to the nearest thousand. 

Source: Air quality in Europe — 2015 report

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