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Use of renewable energy for transport in Europe

Indicator
ownership
Metadata
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Affordable and clean energy
Policy-effectiveness indicator (Type D)
Response
Supporting information
[{"type": "h4", "children": [{"text": "Methodology for indicator calculation"}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "The indicator uses information compiled by Eurostat (for historical trends), supplemented by the EEA\u2019s own approximated estimates for the latest year. This is replaced by the Eurostat value when that becomes available."}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": ""}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "The Eurostat data are based on information gained through annual energy statistics (as mandated by "}, {"url": "http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2008/1099/oj", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2008/1099/oj", "target": "_self"}}}, "type": "a", "children": [{"text": "Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 on energy statistics"}]}, {"text": "), and additional data required for the calculation of the share of energy from renewable sources in transport (RES-T), based on the RED. The EEA approximate estimates for the share are calculated in accordance with the methodology under RED."}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": ""}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "The ratio determining a Member State\u2019s RES-T share is defined in the RED. Article 3(4) defines both the numerator and the denominator of the ratio:"}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": ""}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "The denominator is the total amount of energy consumed in transport and includes: \u2018petrol, diesel, biofuels consumed in road and rail transport, and electricity, including electricity used for the production of renewable liquid and gaseous transport fuels of non-biological origin\u2019."}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": ""}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "The numerator defines the \u2018energy from renewable sources consumed in transport\u2019. It is the total of compliant biofuels (liquid and gaseous), renewable electricity, hydrogen of renewable origin, synthetic fuels of renewable origin and other forms of renewable energy consumed in the transport sector."}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": ""}]}, {"type": "h4", "children": [{"text": "Methodology for gap filling"}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "No gap-filling is applied.\u00a0"}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": ""}]}, {"type": "h4", "children": [{"text": "Methodology references"}]}, {"type": "ul", "children": [{"type": "li", "children": [{"text": ""}, {"url": "https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/38154/4956088/SHARES+tool+manual-2019.pdf/", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/38154/4956088/SHARES+tool+manual-2019.pdf/", "target": "_self"}}}, "type": "a", "children": [{"text": "SHARES Tool Manual"}]}, {"text": " Shares Tool Manual: Describes the Shares Tool that is designed to collect and present the information \u2013 the energy data \u2013 that is needed for the calculations as defined in Article 3 (transport sector) and Article 5 (overall target) of the Directive."}]}]}]
[{"type": "p", "children": [{"url": "https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/external/share-of-energy-from-renewable-sources-1", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/external/share-of-energy-from-renewable-sources-1", "target": "_self"}}}, "type": "a", "children": [{"text": "Share of energy from renewable sources"}]}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"url": "https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/approximated-estimates-for-the-share-5", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/approximated-estimates-for-the-share-5", "target": "_self"}}}, "type": "a", "children": [{"text": "Approximated estimates for the share of gross final consumption of renewable energy sources in 2021 (EEA 2021 RES share proxies)"}]}]}]
[{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "This indicator shows the percentage of energy consumed in the transport sector that comes from renewable energy sources. Values are tracked at the EU and country levels."}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": ""}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "The indicator is based on Eurostat data and approximated values calculated by the EEA for the latest year."}]}]
[{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "Final energy consumption of biofuels, petrol and diesel, and electricity for transport is measured in kilotonnes of oil equivalent (ktoe). The share of energy from renewable sources used in transport is given as a percentage."}]}]
[{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "The "}, {"url": "https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=COM%3A2019%3A640%3AFIN", "type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=COM%3A2019%3A640%3AFIN", "target": "_self"}}}, "children": [{"text": "European Green Deal"}]}, {"text": " sets out the aim for a carbon neutral EU by 2050. This requires the decarbonisation of all sectors."}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": ""}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "The transport sector is responsible for nearly a quarter of Europe\u2019s greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, this sector has proven difficult to decarbonise. Increasing the share of renewable energy in the sector is a key means to reducing emissions and contributing to Europe\u2019s goal of carbon neutrality."}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": ""}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "The policy and targets for the energy sector as a whole, and specifically for the transport sector, were established in the "}, {"url": "http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:32009L0028", "type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:32009L0028", "target": "_self"}}}, "children": [{"text": "Renewable Energy Directive 2009/28/EC"}]}, {"text": " (RED). It requires that all EU countries ensure that by 2020 at least 10% of the fuels in the transport sector come from renewable sources. The RED also established sustainability criteria for biofuels, which must be fulfilled to be considered in the target."}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": ""}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "In 2018, the recast "}, {"url": "http://data.europa.eu/eli/dir/2018/2001/oj", "type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "http://data.europa.eu/eli/dir/2018/2001/oj", "target": "_self"}}}, "children": [{"text": "Renewable Energy Directive 2018/2001/EU"}]}, {"text": " (RED II) was adopted. It extends the legal framework to 2030, setting new targets and extending the requirements for the sustainability of bioenergy. The target set in RED II for the share of energy coming from renewable sources in transport is 14%."}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": ""}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": ""}, {"type": "strong", "children": [{"text": "Targets"}]}, {"text": "\nNo targets have been specified for this indicator."}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": ""}]}, {"type": "h4", "children": [{"text": "Related policy documents"}]}, {"type": "ul", "children": [{"type": "li", "children": [{"text": ""}, {"url": "https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.L_.2018.328.01.0082.01.ENG", "type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.L_.2018.328.01.0082.01.ENG", "target": "_self"}}}, "children": [{"text": "Directive (EU) 2018/2001"}]}, {"text": ". Directive (EU) 2018/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources "}]}, {"type": "li", "children": [{"text": ""}, {"url": "https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32001L0077&from=en", "type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32001L0077&from=en", "target": "_self"}}}, "children": [{"text": "DIRECTIVE 2001/77/EC Renewable electricity"}]}, {"text": ". Directive 2001/77/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 September 2001 on the promotion of electricity produced from renewable energy sources in the internal electricity market "}]}, {"type": "li", "children": [{"text": ""}, {"url": "https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32003L0030&from=en", "type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32003L0030&from=en", "target": "_self"}}}, "children": [{"text": "Directive 2003/30/EC, use of biofuels and renewable fuels"}]}, {"text": ". Promotion of the use of biofuels and other renewable fuels for transport.\u00a0Directive 2003/30/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 May 2003 on the promotion of the use of biofuels and other renewable fuels for transport. "}]}, {"type": "li", "children": [{"text": ""}, {"url": "http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:0016:0062:EN:PDF", "type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:0016:0062:EN:PDF", "target": "_self"}}}, "children": [{"text": "DIRECTIVE 2009/28/EC"}]}, {"text": ". DIRECTIVE 2009/28/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC "}]}, {"type": "li", "children": [{"text": ""}, {"url": "http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008R1099&from=EN", "type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32008R1099&from=EN", "target": "_self"}}}, "children": [{"text": "Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 on energy statistics"}]}, {"text": ". Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2008 on energy statistics (OJ 2008 L 304, p. 1). "}]}, {"type": "li", "children": [{"text": ""}, {"url": "https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52019DC0640", "type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52019DC0640", "target": "_self"}}}, "children": [{"text": "The European Green Deal"}]}, {"text": ". Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions (COM(2019) 640 final). "}]}]}]
1
[{"type": "h4", "children": [{"text": "Methodology uncertainty"}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "No uncertainty has been specified."}]}, {"type": "h4", "children": [{"text": ""}]}, {"type": "h4", "children": [{"text": "Data sets uncertainty"}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "The data are collected on an annual basis by the European Commission and can be considered reliable and accurate. The requirement for data collection for low- and zero-sulphur fuels and biofuels is mandatory, and the results are harmonised at the EU level."}]}, {"type": "h4", "children": [{"text": ""}]}, {"type": "h4", "children": [{"text": "Rationale uncertainty"}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "No uncertainty has been specified."}]}]
[]
Workflow
Layout
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However, renewable electricity only constituted just over 3% of total energy used in transport in Norway in 2020.", "@type": "slate", "value": [{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "In Norway, the use of renewable electricity in road transport has increased substantially as a result of policies that encourage electric mobility combined with the country\u2019s essentially renewable electricity supply. However, renewable electricity only constituted just over 3% of total energy used in transport in Norway in 2020."}]}]}, "ef0e3c4d-059f-40c3-9722-fef5d4cbd7d6": {"plaintext": "The extent of progress varies among Member States. According to data from Eurostat, only 12 EU countries appear to have achieved the 2020 target of 10% (Sweden, Finland, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Estonia, Hungary, Belgium, Slovenia, Italy, Malta, Austria and Ireland). Preliminary estimates for 2021 show that Italy and Ireland dropped below the 2020 target of 10% in 2021. 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The text is currently subject to upcoming negotiations between the Council and the European Parliament.", "@type": "slate", "value": [{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "In 2018, the new RED, known as RED II, strengthened the sustainability criteria for bioenergy and set a new goal for 2030, increasing the target for the share of "}, {"type": "zotero", "data": {"footnote": "<?xml version=\"1.0\"?>\n<div class=\"csl-bib-body\" style=\"line-height: 1.35; \">\n <div class=\"csl-entry\">EU, 2018, Directive (EU) 2018/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources, OJ L 328, 21.12.2018, p. 82-209.</div>\n</div>\n", "zoteroId": "934NH59A", "uid": "ThQn8", "footnoteTitle": "EU, Directive (EU) 2018/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources"}, "children": [{"text": "renewable energy used in transport to 14% by 2030"}]}, {"text": ". 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categorization
Settings
use-of-renewable-energy-for
Tartalom

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