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Progress towards national greenhouse gas emissions targets in Europe

Indicator
ownership
Metadata
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Performance indicator (Type B - Does it matter?)
State
Supporting information
[{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "This indicator is based on the official GHG inventories submitted by the 27 EU Member States to the EEA, as well as on the projected GHG emissions submitted by the Member States under the Governance Regulation. EU ETS emissions, as reported to the European Commission by operators of industrial installations and aircraft, are also used. When available, approximate estimates of GHG emissions for the year (X\u00a0-\u00a01) are also presented."}]}]
[{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": ""}, {"url": "https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=COM:2021:555:FIN", "type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/external/esr-proposed-targets-for-2030", "target": "_self"}}}, "children": [{"text": "ESR proposed targets for 2030 (Dataset URL is not available)"}]}, {"text": ""}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"url": "https://www.eea.europa.eu/api/SITE/data-and-maps/data/approximated-estimates-for-greenhouse-gas-emissions-5", "type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "https://www.eea.europa.eu/api/SITE/data-and-maps/data/approximated-estimates-for-greenhouse-gas-emissions-5", "target": "_self"}}}, "children": [{"text": "Approximated estimates for greenhouse gas emissions"}]}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": ""}, {"url": "https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32018R0842&from=EN", "type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/external/effort-sharing-targets-2021-2030", "target": "_self"}}}, "children": [{"text": "Effort Sharing targets 2021-2030 (Effort Sharing Regulation, ESR) (Dataset URL is not available)"}]}, {"text": ""}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"url": "https://www.eea.europa.eu/api/SITE/data-and-maps/data/esd-4", "type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "https://www.eea.europa.eu/api/SITE/data-and-maps/data/esd-4", "target": "_self"}}}, "children": [{"text": "Greenhouse gas emissions under the Effort Sharing Decision (ESD)"}]}]}]
[{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "This indicator presents the sectoral trends and projections for GHG emissions under the scope of the EU\u2019s effort sharing legislation and assesses the annual progress of the EU Member States throughout the entire compliance period of the ESD (2013-2020)."}]}]
[{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "Million tonnes of CO"}, {"type": "sub", "children": [{"text": "2"}]}, {"text": " equivalent (Mt CO"}, {"type": "sub", "children": [{"text": "2"}]}, {"text": "e);"}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "Percent compared to 2005 base-year"}]}]
[{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "In 2007, EU leaders committed to a 20% reduction in EU GHG emissions by 2020 compared with 1990 GHG emissions. The "}, {"url": "https://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/strategies/2020_en", "type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"target": "_self", "external_link": "https://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/strategies/2020_en"}}, "title": "EU Climate and Energy Package"}, "children": [{"text": ""}, {"type": "zotero", "data": {"footnote": "<?xml version=\"1.0\"?>\n<div class=\"csl-bib-body\" style=\"line-height: 1.35; \">\n <div class=\"csl-entry\">EC, 2021, '2020 climate &amp; energy package', <i>European Commission</i> (https://ec.europa.eu/clima/eu-action/climate-strategies-targets/2020-climate-energy-package_en) accessed November 11, 2021.</div>\n</div>\n", "zoteroId": "I53SG4Y2", "uid": "HvH4k", "footnoteTitle": "EC, 2021, 2020 climate & energy package"}, "children": [{"text": "2020 climate and energy package"}]}, {"text": ""}]}, {"text": ", adopted in 2009, sets a two-fold legislative framework to achieve this 20\u00a0% GHG emissions reduction objective:"}]}, {"type": "ul", "children": [{"type": "li", "children": [{"text": "a 21% reduction in emissions covered under the EU ETS, compared with 2005 levels, to be achieved across the whole EU"}]}, {"type": "li", "children": [{"text": "effort to reduce emissions not covered by the EU ETS by about 10% compared with 2005 levels, to be shared by the EU Member States through different annual national GHG reduction targets for the period 2013-2020 under the "}, {"url": "http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/effort/index_en.htm", "type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"target": "_self", "external_link": "http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/effort/index_en.htm"}}, "title": "Effort Sharing Decision"}, "children": [{"text": "ESD"}]}, {"text": "."}]}]}, {"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "Building on the 2020 climate and energy package, the European Council has adopted the "}, {"url": "https://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/strategies/2030_en", "type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "https://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/strategies/2030_en", "target": "_self"}}}, "children": [{"text": ""}, {"type": "zotero", "data": {"footnote": "<?xml version=\"1.0\"?>\n<div class=\"csl-bib-body\" style=\"line-height: 1.35; \">\n <div class=\"csl-entry\">EC, 2021, '2030 climate &amp; energy framework', <i>European Commission</i> (https://ec.europa.eu/clima/eu-action/climate-strategies-targets/2030-climate-energy-framework_en) accessed November 11, 2021.</div>\n</div>\n", "zoteroId": "SCSHK8P3", "uid": "8atZA", "footnoteTitle": "EC, 2021, 2030 climate & energy framework"}, "children": [{"text": "2030 climate and energy framework"}]}, {"text": ""}]}, {"text": ", which sets a target of a 40% reduction in GHG emissions compared with 1990 levels, and includes the ESR, the successor of the ESD, for 2021-2030. As part of the "}, {"url": "https://ec.europa.eu/info/strategy/priorities-2019-2024/european-green-deal_en", "type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "https://ec.europa.eu/info/strategy/priorities-2019-2024/european-green-deal_en", "target": "_self"}}}, "children": [{"text": ""}, {"type": "zotero", "data": {"footnote": "<?xml version=\"1.0\"?>\n<div class=\"csl-bib-body\" style=\"line-height: 1.35; \">\n <div class=\"csl-entry\">EC, 2021, 'A European Green Deal: Striving to be the first climate-neutral continent', <i>European Commission</i> (https://ec.europa.eu/info/strategy/priorities-2019-2024/european-green-deal_en) accessed November 11, 2021.</div>\n</div>\n", "zoteroId": "SZNUYDDV", "uid": "iHoM7", "footnoteTitle": "EC, 2021, A European Green Deal: Striving to be th"}, "children": [{"text": "European Green Deal"}]}, {"text": ""}]}, {"text": " and the "}, {"url": "https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32021R1119", "type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32021R1119", "target": "_self"}}}, "children": [{"text": ""}, {"type": "zotero", "data": {"footnote": "<?xml version=\"1.0\"?>\n<div class=\"csl-bib-body\" style=\"line-height: 1.35; \">\n <div class=\"csl-entry\">EU, 2021, Regulation (EU) 2021/1119 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 June 2021 establishing the framework for achieving climate neutrality and amending Regulations (EC) No 401/2009 and (EU) 2018/1999 (&#x2018;European Climate Law&#x2019;), OJ L 243, 9.7.2021, p. 1-17.</div>\n</div>\n", "zoteroId": "SY8L98AA", "uid": "LVKBc", "footnoteTitle": "EU, Regulation (EU) 2021/1119 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 June 2021 establishing the framework for achieving climate neutrality and amending Regulations (EC) No 401/2009 and (EU) 2018/1999 (\u2018European Climate Law\u2019)"}, "children": [{"text": "European Climate Law"}]}, {"text": ""}]}, {"text": ", the 2030 greenhouse gas emissions reduction target was raised to 55% compared with 1990 levels, based on the balance between GHG emissions and removals."}]}]
1
[{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "No uncertainty has been specified."}]}]
[{"type": "p", "children": [{"url": "https://rod.eionet.europa.eu/instruments/690", "type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "https://rod.eionet.europa.eu/instruments/690", "target": "_self"}}}, "children": [{"text": "Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action"}]}]}]
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This means these four countries will need to use additional \u2018flexibilities\u2019 to comply with their Effort Sharing target for the period 2013-2020.", "@type": "slate", "value": [{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "In 2020, GHG emissions of all EU countries except Cyprus, Ireland and Malta remained below their respective initially allocated annual Effort Sharing targets. Looking over the entire period 2013-2020, only three countries (Germany, Ireland and Malta) exceeded their initially allocated emission budgets under the ESD. This means these four countries will need to use additional \u2018flexibilities\u2019 to comply with their Effort Sharing target for the period 2013-2020."}]}]}, "d3d49723-14e5-4663-b346-37ee3572f28d": {"plaintext": "", "required": true, "value": [{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": ""}]}], "readOnlySettings": true, "fixed": true, "@type": "slate", "instructions": {"data": "<p><br/></p>", "content-type": "text/html", "encoding": "utf8"}}, "d744c4ed-e2b8-4377-940f-c4fcbc9a9c5a": {"plaintext": "Greenhouse gas emission projections reported by countries in 2021 and most recent updates submitted in 2022 by Denmark, Iceland, Ireland and Latvia indicate that 15 countries are expected to fall short of their respective national 2030 targets under the ESR. 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These national 2020 targets corresponded to a 10% reduction in the Effort Sharing sector at EU level, which was in line with the EU target of reducing all GHG emissions by 20% by 2020 compared with 1990 levels. "}]}]}, "deb7e84d-d2c8-4491-90fa-3dc65fe02143": {"plaintext": "", "required": true, "value": [{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": ""}]}], "readOnlySettings": true, "fixed": true, "@type": "slate", "instructions": {"data": "<p><br/></p>", "content-type": "text/html", "encoding": "utf8"}}, "a00044f6-e395-4ba4-b34c-b53cdcdb6b1e": {"plaintext": "Preliminary data for 2021 indicate a post-pandemic rebound. Following the drop in 2020, Effort Sharing emissions increased by 3% in 2021 but remain below 2019 levels. 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Following the increased ambition of reducing net GHG emissions in the EU by 55% by 2030, the European Commission proposed an amendment of the ESR, including an emission reduction of 40% compared to 2005 levels for the Effort Sharing sectors. The newly proposed national reduction targets are more stringent and range from 10-50% by 2030 compared with 2005.", "@type": "slate", "value": [{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "The current national reduction targets for 2030 under the "}, {"type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32018R0842&from=EN", "target": "_blank"}}}, "children": [{"text": "Effort Sharing Regulation"}]}, {"text": " (ESR) are intended to result in an EU-level reduction of 30% and range from 0-40% compared with 2005 levels. Following the increased ambition of reducing net GHG emissions in the EU by 55% by 2030, the European Commission proposed an "}, {"type": "a", "data": {"link": {"external": {"external_link": "https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=COM:2021:555:FIN", "target": "_blank"}}}, "children": [{"text": "amendment"}]}, {"text": " of the ESR, including an emission reduction of 40% compared to 2005 levels for the Effort Sharing sectors. The newly proposed national reduction targets are more stringent and range from 10-50% by 2030 compared with 2005."}]}]}, "8cb51959-7d20-449c-8f07-13ea990bacea": {"plaintext": "The Effort Sharing legislation sets national greenhouse gas (GHG) emission targets. It covers sectors that are not part of Europe's Emissions Trading System (ETS) such as transport, energy consumption in residential and commercial buildings, agriculture (animals and soils), small industrial installations, small energy-generation facilities and waste management. GHG emissions in the Effort Sharing sectors account for more than 60% of total EU GHG emissions.", "@type": "slate", "value": [{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "The Effort Sharing legislation sets national greenhouse gas (GHG) emission targets. It covers sectors that are not part of "}, {"type": "zotero", "data": {"footnote": "<?xml version=\"1.0\"?>\n<div class=\"csl-bib-body\" style=\"line-height: 1.35; \">\n <div class=\"csl-entry\">EC, 2021, 'EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS)', <i>European Commission</i> (https://ec.europa.eu/clima/eu-action/eu-emissions-trading-system-eu-ets_en) accessed November 11, 2021.</div>\n</div>\n", "zoteroId": "PRWX46RH", "uid": "ZanDj", "footnoteTitle": "EC, 2021, EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS)"}, "children": [{"text": "Europe's Emissions Trading System (ETS)"}]}, {"text": "such as transport, energy consumption in residential and commercial buildings, agriculture (animals and soils), small industrial installations, small energy-generation facilities and waste management. GHG emissions in the Effort Sharing sectors account for more than 60% of total EU GHG emissions. "}]}]}, "6c7f3a34-f615-4c03-b745-70e0034fbcc7": {"plaintext": "The EU met its 2020 Effort Sharing target. In 2020, EU Effort Sharing emissions were 16% lower than in 2005 and therefore significantly below the 10% reduction goal under the ESD. Between 2005 and 2014, Effort Sharing emissions fell, but less so than ETS emissions, reflecting differences in the sectors covered. From 2015-2019, emissions grew above 2014 levels, mainly because of increased transport emissions. The sharp drop of 6% between 2019 and 2020 was largely related to the COVID-19 pandemic and contributed significantly to the overachievement of the EU target under the ESD.", "@type": "slate", "value": [{"type": "p", "children": [{"text": "The EU met its 2020 Effort Sharing target. In 2020, EU Effort Sharing emissions were 16% lower than in 2005 and therefore significantly below the 10% reduction goal under the ESD. Between 2005 and 2014, Effort Sharing emissions fell, but less so than ETS emissions, reflecting differences in the sectors covered. From 2015-2019, emissions grew above 2014 levels, mainly because of increased transport emissions. The sharp drop of 6% between 2019 and 2020 was largely related to the COVID-19 pandemic and contributed significantly to the overachievement of the EU target under the ESD. 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