Premature deaths attributable to PM2.5, NO2 and O3 exposure in 41 European countries and the EU-28, 2014

Page Last modified 11 Oct 2017
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 PM2.5

 NO2

03

Country

Population (1 000)

Annual mean (e)

Premature deaths (a)
C0=0

Annual mean (e)

Premature deaths (a)
C0=20

SOMO35 (e)

Premature deaths

Austria

8 507

12.9

5 570

19.2

1 140

4 423

260

Belgium

11 181

13.7

8 340

21.9

1 870

2 297

190

Bulgaria

7 246

24

13 620

16.5

740

2 519

200

Croatia

4 247

15.6

4 430

15.7

300

4 503

180

Cyprus

1 172 (d)

17

600

12.8

20

5 426

30

Czech Republic

10 512

18.6

10 810

16.8

550

3 822

310

Denmark

5 627

11.6

3 470

11

130

2 611

110

Estonia

1 316

8.7

750

9

10

1 991

20

Finland

5 451

7.4

2 150

8.3

40

1 615

60

France

63 798

11

34 880

17.7

9 330

3 786

1 630

Germany

80 767

13.4

66 080

20.2

12 860

3 287

2 220

Greece

10 927

17

11 870

14.9

1 660

5 926

570

Hungary

9 877

17.3

11 970

17.1

1 210

3 620

350

Ireland

4 606

9

1 480

6.1

10

868

20

Italy

60 783

15.8

59 630

22.5

17 290

5 569

2 900

Latvia

2 001

14.1

2 190

12.3

60

2 213

50

Lithuania

2 943

15.5

3 350

12.5

60

2 457

70

Luxembourg

550

11.9

230

19.9

40

2 872

10

Malta

425

12

220

16

10

6 946

20

Netherlands

16 829

13.8

11 200

21.9

2 560

2 244

250

Poland

38 018

23

46 020

15.1

1 700

3 425

970

Portugal

9 919

8.7

5 170

13.7

610

3 519

280

Romania

19 947

17.5

23 960

16.5

1 860

1 842

350

Slovakia

5 416

19.1

5 160

15.2

100

4 344

160

Slovenia

2 061

15.1

1 710

15

60

5086

80

Spain

44 229

10.7

23 180

19.9

6 740

5 436

1 600

Sweden

9 645

7.6

3 710

9.9

130

2 318

150

United Kingdom

64 351

11.6

37 600

22.2

14 050

1 337

590

Andorra

77

10

40

15

< 1

6 692

< 5

Albania

2 896

16.5

1 670

14.8

90

4 376

60

Bosnia and Herzegovina

3 827

15.3

3 450

15.1

110

3 852

120

former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

2 066

27.4

3 060

16

60

3 215

50

Iceland

326

6.6

80

10.9

< 5

218

<1

Kosovo (b)

1 805

26.4

3 290

13.6

10

3 149

60

Liechtenstein

37

9

20

18.5

< 5

4 360

<5

Monaco

38

12.9

20

24.5

< 10

7 112

<5

Montenegro

622

15.6

550

14

< 5

4 012

20

Norway

5 108

7.2

1 560

12.4

190

2 113

60

San Marino

33

13.5

30

14.7

< 5

5 949

< 5

Serbia

7 147

21.5

10 770

19.6

1 380

2 668

190

Switzerland

8 140

11.6

4 240

20.9

980

4 417

220

Total (c)

534 471

14.1

428 000

18.6

78 000

3 501

14 400

EU-28 (c)

502 351

14.0

399 000

18.7

75 000

3 507

13 600

Source: based on Air quality in Europe 2017, p 57-58

Notes:
(a) In the report, for PM2.5, calculations have been made using a counterfactual concentration (C0) of 0 μg/m3, as in previous years and a C0 of 2.5 μg/m3 to take into account the estimated European background concentration. For NO2, calculations have been made using C0 values of 20 and 10 μg/m3 (see explanations in the main text of the report).
(b) Under the UN Security Council Resolution 1244/99.
(c) Total and EU-28 figures are rounded to the nearest thousand (except for ozone, nearest hundred). The national totals to the nearest 10.
(d) Includes the areas of the Republic of Cyprus not under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus.
(e) The annual mean (in μg/m3) and the SOMO35 (in μg/m3 .days), expressed as population weighted concentration, is obtained according to the methodology described by ETC/ACM (2017b) and not only from monitoring stations.

Temporal coverage

Filed under:
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Denmark
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