How is climate change affecting the seasonal cycle of agricultural crops across Europe?

Policy Question
Indicator codes: CLIM 031
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Key messages

(14 Nov 2012)

  • Flowering of several perennial crops has advanced by about two days per decade in recent decades.
  • Changes in timing of crop phenology are affecting crop production and the relative performance of different crop species and varieties.
  • The shortening of crop growth phases in many crops is expected to continue. The shortening of the grain filling phase of cereals and oilseed crops can be particularly detrimental to yield.

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