How do different sectors and processes contribute to emissions of the main air pollutants?

Policy Question
Indicator codes: CSI 040 , AIR 005

Key messages

  • Anthropogenic emissions of the main air pollutants decreased significantly in most EEA member countries between 1990 and 2016:
    • emissions of nitrogen oxides decreased by 54 % (58 % in the EU-28);
    • emissions of sulphur oxides decreased by 82 % (91 % in the EU-28);
    • emissions of non-methane volatile organic compounds decreased by 57 % (62 % in the EU-28);
    • emissions of ammonia decreased by 17 % (23 % in the EU-28);
    • emissions of fine particulate matter decreased by 28 % (28 % in the EU-28) from 2000.
  • The EU-28 met its continuing obligation to maintain emissions of nitrogen oxides, sulphur dioxide, ammonia and non-methane volatile organic compounds below legally binding targets, as specified by the National Emission Ceilings Directive (NECD). Some individual EU Member States reported emissions that were above their NECD emission ceilings and two additional EEA member countries (Norway and Switzerland) reported emissions above their Gothenburg Protocol emission ceilings.
  • Emission reduction commitments for 2020 and 2030 have been set under the NECD, and for 2020 under the revised Gothenburg Protocol. The EU-28 as a whole is on track to meet its future reduction commitments.

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Document Actions
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100