Vegetation productivity change in Europe during 2000-2016.

Policy Question
Indicator codes: LSI 009

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Key messages

(25 Apr 2019)

Vegetation productivity indicates the spatial distribution and change of the vegetation cover - a key characteristic of ecosystem condition. 

On average, vegetation productivity increased most in South Eastern Europe, over croplands and wetlands in the Steppic region and grasslands and sparsely vegetated lands and in the Black Sea and Anatolian regions.

Vegetation productivity declined most over croplands and grasslands in the Atlantic region as well as over wetlands in the Alpine region.

Increasing precipitation especially in the South Eastern regions had the strongest influence on productivity increase. Decreasing number of frost days were strongly correlated to increasing productivity in the Pannonian region and to decreasing productivity in the Atlantic region. 

Land use change was a stronger driver of productivity changes than climatic variations. 

Converting lands to agriculture and agriculture internal conversions resulted in highest productivity increase whereas increasing urban sprawl resulted in most productivity decrease. 

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