External costs of transport

Indicator Fact Sheet
Prod-ID: IND-175-en
Also known as: TERM 025
This is an old version, kept for reference only.

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This page was archived on 08 May 2015 with reason: No more updates will be done

Assessment made on  01 Nov 2004

Generic metadata



DPSIR: Impact


Indicator codes
  • TERM 025

Policy issue:  Estimate and reduce the external costs of transport


Key assessment

External costs are difficult to estimate (see table 5), and there is currently no unique, commonly accepted methodology for estimating external costs. Results of international studies vary widely due to differences in statistics and normative choices underlying results, see CE 2003. External cost estimates range from 4 (ECMT, 1998b) to 8% (Infras, 2000) of GDP for the EU-15 countries to 14% of GDP for Central and Eastern Europe in 1995 (OECD, 2003). In figure 2 the distribution of marginal external costs over modes and cost components is shown.

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