European annual average temperature deviations, 1850-2008, relative to the 1850-1899 average (in ºC). The lines refer to 10-year moving average, the bars to the annual 'land only' European average

Figure Created 12 Nov 2009 Published 12 Nov 2009 Last modified 26 Aug 2017
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The source of the original data is the Climatic Research Unit of the University of East Anglia


European data


Additional information

The European mean annual temperature deviations are in the source in relation to the base period 1961-1990. The annual deviations shown in the chart have been adjusted to be relative to the period 1850-1899 to better monitor the EU objective not to exceed 2oC above pre-industrial values. Over Europe average annual temperatures during the real pre-industrial period (1750-1799) were very similar to those during 1850-99. Europe is defined as the area between 35o to 70o Northern latitude, -25o to 30o Eastern longitude, plus Turkey (=35o to 40o North, 30o to 45o East). The resulting temperature anomalies were obtained using KNMI climate explorer.
Geographical coverage note: Europe


Geographic coverage

Temporal coverage



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Filed under: csi, climate
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