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Figure D source code Changes in Nitrogen balance and GVA of agriculture in Europe 2000-2008
The chart displays changes in emission of nitrogen from agriculture (expressed as nitrogen balance, N-balance) , and the economic output of agriculture and related services and activities expressed as the gross value added (GVA) in Europe between 2000 and 2008. Changes are expressed in %, where values for 2000=100 %.
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Figure Decoupling of heavy metals emission in water from gross value added in metal industry in Europe between 2004 and 2009
The chart displays changes in emission of heavy metals from metal industry in water (expressed in kg of heavy metals equivalents) and in production of metal industry (expressed as the gross value added GVA, in millions Euro) in Europe between 2004 and 2009. See Methodology section for more details.
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GIS Map Application Nitrates in rivers
The map shows the mean annual concentration of nitrates (NO3), expressed as milligrams of NO3-N per litre of water, observed in river monitoring stations and reported by EEA member countries via WISE. For most countries the mean annual value is based on observations over the whole year, whereas some countries only collect samples during the growing season (due to ice cover in winter). Nitrates in excess can cause eutrophication in downstream coastal waters by stimulating excessive growth of algae and other aquatic plants (when nitrogen is the limiting factor for growth) and indirectly causing oxygen deficiency in the bottom waters and reduced biodiversity. High concentration of nitrates also represents a health risk in drinking water (the World Health Organization guideline for drinking water is less 10 mg NO3-N/L, which is the equivalent to approximately 50 mg NO3/L). The purpose of the map is to provide an overview of the mean annual value of nitrates in rivers across Europe and to enable the user to compare values per country, River Basin District (RBD) or individual monitoring station, depending on the scale of visualisation. Historical data since 1993 can be displayed using the time slider.
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Figure Projected impacts of climate change on freshwater flows
The map shows mean variation in annual run-off in 1981-2000 and 2081-2100
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Figure Oil spills from tankers
Large accidental oil spills from tankers
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Figure Water abstraction for manufacturing industry (million m3/year) in 1990 and 2002
Eastern (central+northern): Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary (1990 = 1992), Latvia (1990 = 1991), Poland, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia Western (central+northern): Austria, Denmark, Germany (1990 = 1991; 2002 = 2001), Netherlands (2002 = 2001), England and Wales (2002 = 2001), Finland (2002 = 2001), Sweden, Iceland (1990 = 1992) Western (southern): France, Spain (1990 = 1991)
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Figure Water abstraction for manufacturing industry (million m3/year) in early 1990s and 2001-2005.
Eastern (central and northern): Bulgaria (1990;2005), Czech Republic (1990;2005), Hungary (1992;2004), Latvia (1991;2005), Poland (1990;2005), Romania (1990;2005), Slovak Republic (1990;2005), Slovenia (1990;2005) Western (central and northern): Austria (1990;2002), Belgium (1994;2003), Denmark (1990;2004), England & Wales (1990;2004), Finland (1990;2005), Germany (1991;2004), Iceland (1992;2005), Netherlands (1990;2005), and Sweden (1990;2004) Southern: France (1990;2002), Spain (1991;2004) Turkey: (1995;2004)
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Figure Yearly average values of BENTIX and community diversity (H) along a pollution gradient in Izmir Bay at stations 1-15
Colours correspond to EQS classes as defined by BENTIX in accordance with WFD.
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Figure Water Exploitation Index (WEI)
Better information will help us adapt The Water Exploitation Index (WEI) is a good example of the type of information needed to give an overview of the scale and location of the problems facing us
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Figure Trend in water use by sectors in the EECCA countries, 1990 to 2005
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European Environment Agency (EEA)
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