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Specific regions

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Certain European regions, such as the Arctic, Mediterranean, and Baltic, face environmental problems that are common throughout the region but far less known beyond its borders. Similarly, certain landscapes, such as mountain areas and seas, face common problems across Europe. More

Key facts and messages
The extent of Arctic summer sea ice has declined by about 10 % per decade since 1979. The extent of the minimum ice cover in September 2007 was half the size of the normal minimum extent in the 1950s; the third lowest minimum extent occurred... more
Observed global mean sea level rise has accelerated over the past 15 years. From 2002 to 2009 the contributions of the Greenland and West Antarctic ice sheets to sea level rise increased. In 2007 the IPCC projected a sea level rise of 0.18 to... more
The vast majority of glaciers in Europe are in retreat. Glaciers in the Alps lost about two-thirds of their volume between 1850 and 2009. The glacierised area in the Alps is projected to decrease to about one-third of the present area for a... more
Recent research suggests that several key components of the climate system could undergo irreversible change at significantly lower levels of global temperature increase than previously assessed. The most important of these “tipping elements”... more
The third lowest minimum of Arctic summer sea ice occurred in September 2010. more

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European Environment Agency (EEA)
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