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You are here: Home / Environmental topics / Land use
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Highlight chemical/x-pdb Competing demands on Europe's environment undermining human well-being
Meeting European demands for food, water, energy and housing exerts major pressures on the environment, indirectly affecting human health and well-being. To reduce the impact of Europe's resource use, a new assessment from the European Environment Agency (EEA) reflects on integrating different policy areas and improved spatial planning.
Located in News
Figure Projected life cycle land use of fossil, nuclear and renewable electricity systems in 2030 (m2/GJel)
The graph illustrates that energy systems differ in the extent and complexity of their impacts by presenting the projected life cycle land use of fossil, nuclear and renewable electricity systems in 2030. To understand the implications of increased bioenergy production, it is important to recognise that the land used for energy cropping is a natural resource, comprising soil, minerals, water and biota. Where bioenergy involves energy cropping it often necessitates changes to land use, with significant implications for related systems as well Other renewable technologies do also use some land and so do fossil and nuclear systems but the area is comparatively small. Nevetheless these technologies have other limitations.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Direct and indirect effects of land use for bioenergy
The schema shows a simplified chain of effects that use of land for bioenergy production can bring about.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Land use and ecosystem cycles
The schema illustrates the interactions between land use and important environmental cycles.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Highlight Urban sprawl eating into wildlife habitats in Europe
As cities expand into the countryside, the habitats of many animals and plants are reduced. Roads, railways, car parks and buildings also split up habitats, dividing wildlife populations into increasingly smaller groups.
Located in News
Figure Analysis of changes in European land cover from 2000 to 2006
Analysis the Corine Land Cover changes from 2000 to 2006 based on validated Corine Land Cover data.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Assessment Land take (CSI 014/LSI 001) - Assessment published Jun 2013
Land take by the expansion of residential areas and construction sites is the main cause of the increase in the coverage of urban land at the European level. Agricultural zones and, to a lesser extent, forests and semi-natural and natural areas, are disappearing in favour of the development of artificial surfaces. This affects biodiversity since it decreases habitats, the living space of a number of species, and fragments the landscapes that support and connect them. The annual land take in European countries assessed by 2006 Corine land cover project (EEA39 except Greece) was approximately 108 000 ha/year in 2000-2006. In 21 countries covered by both periods (1990-2000 and 2000-2006) the annual land take decreased by 9 % in the later period. The composition of land taken areas changed, too. More arable land and permanent crops and less pastures and mosaic farmland were taken by artificial development then in 1990-2000. Identified trends are expected to change little when next assessment for 2006-2012 becomes available in 2014.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Land take
Figure Corine land cover 1990 by country
The maps illustrate Corine Land Cover 1990 for each country for all 44 classes
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Corine land cover 2006 by country
The maps illustrate Corine Land Cover 2006 for each country for all 44 classes.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure model/mesh Bar diagram of effective mesh density values per country for FG-B2 in 2009
Effective mesh density values by country for Fragmentation Geometry FG-B2 in 2009. Fragmentation geometry has been created from input data (TeleAtlas roads/rails, CLC urban classes, mountain areas / mountain ridges based on Nordregio and WorldClim data and rivers/lakes based on Catchment Characterisation and Modelling (CCM) v.2 database and CLC database) and landscape fragmentation metrics (Jaeger 2000) has been calculated.
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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