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Figure application/java-vm Agricultural area (in 1 000 km2) in EEA member countries for each exposure class
Iceland, Switzerland and Turkey have not been included in the analysis either because no ozone data from rural stations or no detailed land cover data is available.
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Figure Change in the emissions intensity (per toe) of energy-related air pollutants in the EU-27, 1990-2005
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Data Visualization Percentile 93.2 of the maximum daily 8-hour mean ozone concentrations observed at (sub)urban background stations
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Data Visualization Annual mean NO2 concentration observed at (sub)urban background stations
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Figure Percentage of urban population resident in areas for days per year with SO2 concentration exceeding daily limit value, 1997-2009 (EU-27)
The limit value is 125 µg SO2/m3 as a daily average, not to be exceeded more than three days in a year and to be met by 2005. Over the years 1997-2009 the total population for which exposure estimates are made, increased from 56 to 100 million people due to an increasing number of monitoring stations reporting under the Exchange of Information Decision. Year-to-year variations in exposure classes are partly caused by the changes in spatial coverage. Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, Luxembourg and Malta, are not included due to the geographical coverage of the Urban Audit.
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Figure 36th highest 24-hour mean PM10 concentration observed at urban background stations, 1997-2009 (EU-27)
Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Cyprus, Greece, Luxembourg and Malta, are not included due to the geographical coverage of the Urban Audit.
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Figure Trend in NO2 and NOX annual mean concentrations (2001–2010) per station type (top); percentage frequency distribution of estimated annual change of NO2 annual mean concentrations at urban stations and at traffic stations (bottom)
All stations in EU Member States, with at least 75 % data coverage for at least eight years were included in the analysis. Concentrations per station type are given in μg/m3. In the top two diagrams a geographical bias exists towards central Europe where there is a higher density of stations. In the percentage frequency distribution graphs, closed bars denote stations showing a statistically significant trend, open bars denote stations with a non-significant trend. Statistically significant trends (level of significance 0.1) are calculated by applying the Mann-Kendall test. The applied method is described in de Leeuw, 2012.
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Figure Percentage of population exposed to NO2 annual concentrations in urban areas, 2001-2011 (EU-27)
The annual mean limit value is 40 µg NO2/m3. Over the years 2001-2010 the total population, for which exposure estimates are made, increased from 93 to 124 million people due to an increasing number of monitoring stations reporting air quality data under the Exchange of Information Decision. Year-to-year variations in exposure classes are partly caused by the changes in spatial coverage. Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Cyprus, Greece and Malta, are not included due to missing availability of operational urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations in the Urban Audit cities.
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Figure Percentage of urban population resident in areas for days per year with ozone concentrations over the long-term objective for protection of human health, 2001-2011 (EU-27)
The target value is 120 µg O3/m3 as daily maximum of 8 hour mean, not to be exceeded more than 25 days per calendar year, averaged over three years and to be achieved where possible by 2010. Over the years 2001-2010 the total population for which exposure estimates are made, increased from 88 to 118 million people due to an increasing number of monitoring stations reporting under the Exchange of Information Decision. Year-to-year variations in exposure classes are partly caused by the changes in spatial coverage. Only urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations have been included in the calculations. Data for Cyprus, Greece and Malta is not included due to missing availability of operational urban and sub-urban background monitoring stations in the Urban Audit cities.
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Data Visualization Percentage of urban population resident in areas for days per year with PM10 concentration exceeding daily limit value
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100