Habitat loss — a major concern70 % of species are threatened by the loss of their habitat (IUCN). Farmland birds declined by 20–25 % between 1990 and 2007 (Eurostat, 2010).
Overexploitation — more sustainability needed30 % of species are threatened by overexploitation (IUCN). For instance: 88 % of stocks are being fished beyond Maximum Sustainable Yields (ICES, 2008) and 46 % outside safe biological limits, which means that stocks may not be replenished (EEA, 2010).
Pollution — improvements in some areasDespite improvements in some areas, 26 % of species are threatened by pesticides, and fertilisers like nitrates and phosphates (IUCN).
Invasive alien species — an increasing phenomenon22 % of species are threatened by invasive alien species (IUCN).
Shifts in habitats and species distribution are being observed, so is desertification. Climate change interacts and often exacerbates other threats.
For references, please go to www.eea.europa.eu/soer or scan the QR code.
This briefing is part of the EEA's report The European Environment - State and Outlook 2015. The EEA is an official agency of the EU, tasked with providing information on Europe's environment.
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